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Forum Home > Sharh Aqeedatul Wasitiyyah > Sharh Al-Aqeedatul Wasitiyah (Audio/Lectures/Notes) 2

Posts: 107


June 8th, 2008

12:30 p.m.


Topic: Sharh Al-Aqeedatil Wasitiyah

'Fundamental Beliefs Of Islam & Rejection Of False Concepts'


Written By: Sheikh ul-Islam ibn Taimiyah

Explanation By: Imaam Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen

Translated By: Abu Uwais Abdallah Ahmed Ali

As Salaamu 'Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuh

Brother Abu Uwais (rahimahullah) began where we left off with the statement of Mu'alaa, the original author of the book, which is Abu Abbas Ahmed Ibn Taimiyah (rahimahullah) saying that this is the belief of the Firqatun Najiyah (the saved group), Taa'ifa Mansoorah (the victorious group)...that is to believe in Allah. We are going to deal with the belief in Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala).

We ended off by mentioning the four matters that must be believed in regarding the belief in Allah.....now the Sheikh (rahimahullah) will go into detail regarding this. Before that, though, we will give the definition of Eemaan. What is Eemaan? Eemaan bi 'llah? Eemaan in the language is affirmation, affirming something. When you affirm something, you have believed in it. This comes from the story of Yusef (alayhis salaam) where they said that, you know, the wolf ate him and this and the other...this happened and they said 'you're not going to believe in us' meaning that 'you're not going to affirm what we have stated...you're not going to believe it's truthful and affirm (in the language sense) what we have stated', that in fact Yusef (alayhis salaam) had been eaten.


The Sheikh says that in our understanding there should be a legislation that eemaan means that it has to be a faith that makes one accept all information that is given. All information that is given from Qur'an and Sunnah you accept. Your belief means that you accept all information that is given with total submission to the legislation. He says it is a knowing and a recognition and a belief that makes you accept everything that you are informed of from the legislation, from the Deen, and that you submit to all of the legislation. It is a matter that you believe in that makes it a must for you to accept all information that comes from the Heavens and that you submit to all legislation. If it doesn't do that, then it is not eemaan...and all the verses show this... that the Beduoins (desert Arabs) say that they have believed...say to them, 'you have not believed but say you have submitted...eemaan has not yet entered your heart'. Whether that eemaan is going to enter them...not that they reject the belief that Allah exists or rejected that Allah is the Lord and like this, but that eemaan it makes them accept the truth and submit to it. It causes the heart to submit, to go against its desires and whatever else that it is involved in and turn away from that and to submit to what Allah says. It causes the heart to believe in whatever Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala) has revealed from the Heavens...it believes in it. Total acceptance of the information that comes from the Heavens, total submission to the legislation. This is what eemaan has...you can't say that eemaan is just faith. It is a faith that makes it obligatory upon you, a must upon you that you accept all information and submit to all legislation. Accepting all information from Kitab and Sunnah and submitting to all legislation from Kitab and Sunnah. This is how Ibn Uthaymeen defines eemaan. I don't want to hear a brother say that it is just belief....now you have belief and what it means to believe. Now he says that this eemaan consists of four matters. When you come to eemaan in Allah it has four matters....the belief that Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala) Exists (subhaanahu wa ta'aala), the belief that Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala) is the Only Lord (that He Alone is the Lord and the Master), the eemaan that He Alone must be worshiped, eemaan in the Names and Qualities of Allah.

It is impossible that one actualizes that one has eemaan except with these four matters. It is impossible for one (you can claim it all you want) to have eemaan unless and until he believes in these four matters. This is eemaan in Allah! He who doesn't believe in the existence of Allah, then he is not a believer. He who believes in the existence of Allah but he doesn't believe that Allah Alone is the Lord, he is not a believer. He who believes in Allah and the fact that He is the Lord Alone but doesn't believe that He Alone has the right to be worshiped, he is not a believer. He who believes in Allah, believes that He is the Only Lord, believes that He Alone has the right to be worshiped but he doesn't believe in the Names and Qualities of Allah, he is not a believer. He said even though the last one, when you talk about belief in Allahs Names and Qualities, we can take away his eemaan totally depending on certain conditions or take away the perfection or the completeness of eemaan, depending on what aspect of the Names and Qualities are you talking about. In general, he who doesn't believe in these four concepts or these four matters together regarding Allah doesn't have what? Eemaan bi'Llah! He doesn't have it! Simple! Period! He doesn't believe in Allah! He can claim it all day but he doesn't believe in Allah until he believes in those four matters.

Now, belief in the existence of Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala). If someone were to state 'what is the evidence that Allah exists'? We would say 'the evidence of the existence of Allah are three matters (don't run away from these terms, what he is going to give is nothing hard, nothing difficult...we wrap our hearts and minds around it, we can understand it, we can digest it, we can live with it bi'ithnillahi ta'aala). The Arabic terms should not befuddle you...they are al-'akl, wal hisse, wa sharh. What are the evidences of the existence of Allah? The reasoning, the mind, the intellect. There are evidences that are just rational, are just reasonable, are just intellectual evidences that prove the existence of Allah. So therefore he made that as one point of reference regarding evidence. The others are hisse, our sensorys, what we sense, what we observe, what we see, what we hear, what we smell, what we taste, what we observe is more of what he means here. Things that we observe that we cannot in any way reject or deny. Things that we observe, we have no doubt about, we see it every day, al-hisse. So this becomes an evidence, something you watch, you see and you observe, you sense everyday. Wa sharh, the legislation. When we say the legislation we mean what? The Book of Allah (tabaraakta 'aala) and the Sunnah of The Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam), the sharh, the legislation. Skeikh says all of them together are evidences of the existence of Allah, and if you want you can add the fitrah, the natural fitrah, the natural essence, the natural inclination within the heart and mind and soul of every person, the fitrah, the natural instinct in every person, the fitrah. Add that as one of the evidences of the existence of Allah.

Therefore the evidences upon the existence of Allah are four: the intellect or reasoning, the senses, the fitrah, and the legislation. He said that he put legislation lastly, not because it shouldn't be put first, because he is talking to those who do not believe in the legislation. Generally when you speak about Rububiyyah, or the worship, or the existence of Allah you are usually speaking to someone who is an unbeliever in the legislation, so this is why he has brought intelligence first, senses next, fitrah third, and put the legislation last. If he was talking to believers he would just say sharh....bring an Ayah; Talaq, Taubah...bring a Hadith; (?) and its over...but when you are talking to somebody who doesn't believe in the legislation you have these particular weapons in your armory. In this manner you present the issue, rationally and according to hisse, what his senses tell him, according to his fitrah, this is what you are addressing with this person. You cannot come to a kaafir and say well its in the Qur'an and Sunnah..like that.

March 20, 2011 at 5:28 PM Flag Quote & Reply

Posts: 107

As for evidence in the intellect... reasonable, rational evidence...we say 'how would you say that all of this exists around us, the universe and everything that we see'? 'Does all of this exist by itself '? 'Did it come into existence by itself'? 'By chance'? Now understand this point...by chance...by itself. Did it come into existence by it creating itself or by chance? It makes no sense rationally. Something that was non-existant, how can it come into existence from nothing? That which does not exist does not become something until it is brought into existence. So therefore it cannot create itself or make itself. It came by chance...this is impossible also. O you one who is obstinate...did all of these airplanes and these missile throwers (if you will) and these cars and automobiles and all these types of machinery that we see....did they come by chance? You say that's not possible. We say these birds, these mountains, the sun, the moon, the stars, the trees, the animals, the oceans...it's impossible for them to come into existence just by chance, just happened to come into existence. This point is valid..how do you come from non-existence into existence? If it doesn't exist, it cannot come into existence by itself. It has to have someone to bring it into existence. Something that is so well formed, so well put together cannot in itself come by chance...just happened to be there, suddenly happened, accident.

There was a group (this is a nice story) that they were called Assumaniyyah. Nice story here. Stories make things clear sometimes. Assumaniyyah, taa'ifa. A group of people who came to Abu Hanifah (rahimahullah) from the Hindees (Ahlul Hind) so they come to Abu Hanifah and they wanted to discuss and debate with Abu Hanifah ( Ma'i ibn Thaabit...one of the four Imams that the people would pray to) the fact of Allah being the Creator. Abu Hanifah was one of the most intelligent ones amongst the scholars, so he told them to come (gave them appointments) tomorrow, come two days from now, like this. Then they came and they said “What do you say”? He said “I'm thinking about a boat, a ship, a large ship full of all types of wares, full of all types of peoples property and these types of things, and provision....coming through the water until it came to the shore and then it let out its load and it went back to where it came from. You hear me...ship full of all types of matter, full of all types of provision, traveled to its destination, got to the shore, let off its load, and then went on back. Didn't have anyone, captain, driving it. Didn't have any crew members. Didn't have anyone on board to carry the property or anything on it. Just a ship by itself doing this.” They said “You're thinking about THAT! If you're thinking like this Abu Hanifah, you don't have any intelligence. Doesn't make any sense that a ship would come without a captain, without someone driving it, without a crew that would carry down its things and would load and unload it. This doesn't make any sense”. 'How can you not understand this but you can understand these Heavens, and the sun, and the moon, and the stars, and the mountains, and the trees, and the animals, and the people...all of them came without a creator or someone who made it, without a creator?' . You understand that the man was addressing their intelligence and they were unable to respond to Abu Haniyfah. It was said to the Bedouin Arabs 'How did you know your Lord?' he said, 'The traces that are left by a person is evidence that someone has passed a certain way, they leave a trace behind...and the droppings of a cow is evidence of a cow'. So the Heavens that are full of clouds, and the earth that is full of plants, and the oceans that are full of waves, is this not evidence of As-Sameer, the All-Hearing... Al-Baseer, the All-Seeing? Understand that this is evidence of that...this is evidence of that. Because of this Allah says in Surat At-Tur verse 35; “Are they created from nothing, or were they themselves the creators”? Mu'min said when he heard this his heart was about to fly. It hit him hard. They didn't come out of nothing, it was made from something by something and they didn't create themselves. So there's only one answer left...that they were created by the Lord of all creation, Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala)!

If you look at this Ayah, strong, either you are made by someone or you made yourselves...there's no other way to look at it. Therefore, al-'akl, the first evidence we used, the reasoning, the rationale, the mind, the intellect, it is an absolute evidence of the existence of Allah. Has he proven his point? I don't think you could do better! This is the evidence from the senses, that which we observe, that which we see...that Allah (tabaraakta ta'aala) exists, another evidence is that a man would call upon Allah (azza wa jall), 'O my Lord!', and he will ask for something, and he will be answered. Its been going on for centuries...this is an evidence of the senses. He didn't call upon any except Allah and Allah answered him. He saw the answer with his own eyes. We hear from those who preceded us, and those who live in our time that Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala) answered their prayers. This is evidence of hisse, the observational evidence of our senses that show that Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala) exists.

The Bedouin Arab came one day when the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) was on the minbar giving the khutbah, Yaumul Jumu'ah. He said the wealth has been destroyed and the pathways have been cut off. Why? Because of the rain, because of the amount of water coming down, floods he is saying. The floods, and our provisions have been destroyed, and our roads have been cut off, no way to get anywhere. “Call upon Allah to save us, to help us.” Anas (radiAllahu anhu) said, “ Wollahi (By Allah) mah fi samaa min sahaab”, (actually it's the opposite, he means before the rain started...this is after this, this is before the rain started, otherwords it was a drought...put it that way...I'm glad I caught it 'cause you brothers don't seem to be woke...[catch me sometimes please if I fall...I might slip, I might trip...catch me])...it's a drought, and all of you should know this narration, its a known narration in the books of the Sunnah. So a drought and he is asking for what? He is asking for rain. You can see also how the roads could be cut off due to a drought and how wealth could be destroyed due to a drought, the vegetation becoming rotten because it is not receiving any rain...like this, and we have experienced some hot days, so we can compare this mentally with that.

Anas says there was not a cloud in the sky, and he said that theres a mountain in Madinah but after the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) raised his hands and after he made du'a, directly, here comes the clouds, and here comes the thunder, and the lightening, and the rain came down. The Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) did not come down from the minbar except that rain was in his beard. This was related by Bukhari in the book 'Kitab Is'tisqar' asking for rain... chapter al-Is'tisqar... asking for rain in the Khutbahtul Jumu'ah narrated by Imam Muslim in his book Salatul Is'tisqar the prayer for asking for rain chapter the du'a al-Is'tisqar...the du'a that you make when asking for rain.

This is a matter that actually took place, and this matter is an evidence that shows the existence of the Creator from the evidence of the senses and what you are able to observe. This is someone whose fitrah hasn't been corrupted. The scientists observe more than this or at least something equal to it every day and they turn their head away from it and still have the audacity, some of them, to be the agnostic, doubting the Creator, or atheist saying that there is no Creator, and he whom Allah does not guide, for him there is no birr. In the Qur'an is a lot of evidence like this, so even though he is telling us that he has left the sharh, the legislation for last, for each point concerning al-'akl and hisse, he has given an Ayah from the Qur'an to show that what he's doing is proper in this regard.

And Job, when he called upon his Lord, or Ayyub as we call him (alayhis salaam), harm has touched me and You are the Most Merciful of those who show mercy, and He answered his du'a (Surah Anbiyah:83-84). Whatever Ayah in the Qur'an, when someone is making du'a is evidence of the existence of Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala). Observing the evidence from the senses, so he can observe and sense that Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala) exists.

March 20, 2011 at 5:29 PM Flag Quote & Reply

Posts: 107

Regarding the daleel al-fitrah, many people who their insticts have not been corrupted, believe in the existence of Allah. To believe in Allah, and the story of the ant that Sulayman went by, you know that, the ant came out and said 'O Sulayman...watch it for Sulayman and his army is going to step all over us...these types of things...he gives the story here regarding the ant and Sulayman (alayhis salaam)...someone went out seeking water and found her laying on her back, raising her wings or whatever to the Heavens saying 'O Allah, I am a creature from Your creatures. Do not prevent me from Your provisions, or from getting liquid from You. So it seems that Sulayman said 'I hope that you have been provided the liquid and refreshment by the du'a of other than you'. Anyway, evidence of the fitrah is something that a person naturally has inside of him, naturally has the instinct for, naturally has this instinct to believe in Allah (tabaraakta ta'aala), recognition of Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala) and his Tawheed. And Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala) pointed to this in His statement when Allah took from the children of Aadam from their backs, their lineage, their children from them and made them witness upon themselves...”Am I not your Lord”? They said “Yes”! “And you witness so you cannot say on the Day of Judgement that you were unaware of this . O you say that verily our fathers committed shirk before and we were their children after them”(Surat Al-A'raf: 172-173). This is evidence that mankind's natural fitrah, his natural instincts are infact witnessing the existence of Allah and the Lordship of Allah. Whether we say that Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala) took them out of the back of Aadam and made them witness themselves or this is something that Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala) placed in their fitrah and they were affirming it, the Ayah shows distinctly and clearly that the people know their Lord in a natural way.

So these are four evidences of the existence of Allah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala). The evidence of the legislation...that which the messengers came with...from the legislations that Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala) sent them with...that which has everything that is of benefit to the creation, shows that they were sent by a Lord Who is Merciful and Who is Wise, especially this great Qur'an which jinn and men are unable to come up with anything similar to it. Now this is his belief in Allah in this (we're going to go over other sections in this book of course) book of 'Aqeedah...but if you're asked 'what is eemaan bi'Llah' as Ibn Taimiyah says it when he says this is the itiqaad, the belief of the Firqatun Najiyah, the saved group, taa'ifa mansoorah, the victorious group, until the establishment of the Hour, Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa'ah, al eemaan bi'Llah. This is what he means, Ibn Taimiyah. It would be wrong to read from a man's book and then to go somewhere else. We are now dealing with the explanation of Ibn Uthaymeen upon this matter, so this covers what we have just taken, our eemaan bi'Llah in a general sense, believing in four matters with evidences from four matters. Believing in four matters with evidences from four matters. Believing in the existence of Allah, the Lordship of Allah, the fact that Allah Alone should be worshiped, and the Names and Qualities of Allah...basing that on the 'akl (reasoning), the hisse (the senses that we use to observe), the fitrah and the sharh (the legislation). Learn it, memorize it, get it together so that you can give what? Dawah to it. You can't give dawah to it...brother say well gimme some dawah and you stutter and can't get it out, then when he goes to explaining it he explains one aspect of Tawheed mixing it with another. Time out for all that madness. Its time to go ahead and be sound and be meticulous in our presentation of this matter because we have to be meticulous and we have to be on solid ground in our belief in this matter. Can't be believing something that you're confused about...you cannot be believing something that you're confused about. You must be on clarity in your beliefs before you can be upon clarity in your presentation of your beliefs. This is a point that must be understood.

March 20, 2011 at 5:29 PM Flag Quote & Reply

Posts: 107

Now for the review:

1. What are the four matters that we must believe in regarding Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala)? It's nothing but the existence of Allah and the three aspects of Tawheed (discussing.......)

2. Give the evidence of the existence of Allah (there are four options, from the brain [reason], from the senses [observation], from the fitrah, and from the legislation. Night and day are legislation [sharh], we have life and existence which is evidence of al-'akl [reasoning]...it takes someone to bring a thing into existence...nothing can create itself (Abu Hanifah brought the point), Zakariah (alayhis salaam) and his wife are examples of evidence of hisse, he was old and she was old and barren, but Allah brought forth from them Yahya when they made du'a, and looking in the mirror is evidence from the fitrah. So these are evidences and when the hearts are clean and the minds are thinking about the signs of Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala) they have a lot of spiritual meaning to them. When our hearts are rusty and we're not really upon the rememberance of Allah as much as we should be, it doesn't seem as amazing. When the believer goes out and sees the moon, that means something to him. A kaafir would say, 'ah its there everyday'. We are different in that regard. These evidences are evidences that are used for a kaafir, so for us it should be something which lifts our eemaan and strengthens our eemaan and make us have more faith regarding Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala). An Ayat will show you signs even within yourself. All you have to do is look in the mirror and it increases your eemaan. Now the other three aspects he will go into more detail which needs to be known...we need to teach our children, we must make sure our family knows, if we say Tawheed of Allah and His Lordship, ar-Rububiyyah, they know that... Tawheed Asmaa wa Siffat give me an example of it, they know that...Tawheed of Allah and His Worship, what is it, what is an example, they should know that...this is where we should be at . This is the purpose that we came into existence...how we gonna miss that, not understand that? Is there something more important ? I don't think so. Nothing more important than knowing this issue...having it as an itiqaad, 'aqd, that which is tied to your heart and your heart cannot be removed from it. Thats what 'Aqeedah means...your heart is knotted to it, tied to it, never separated from it...so that this is in our heart, engraved in our heart, and then when we die and we're in the graves and the questions are asked they come out very easily and very simple for us because this is something that we really believe. So next time bi'ithnillahi ta 'aala we will take the next one which is the Mala'ikiti. We might have to go through it a little bit swifter because it is more detailed and we want to cover some...we'll see...we might have to split it up, we'll see...but it is the belief in the Angels and many of the Muslims, unfortunately, are asleep when it comes to this particular aspect of eemaan or don't know much about it. If you ask them basically about Angels, they don't know much about Angels...and it's really absurd if they get their understanding about Angels from these kuffar. That is madness upon madness.

3. This is basic 'Aqeedah 101. We will ask next time for the four evidences in the existence of Allah, and the four matters that we must believe in regarding belief in Allah.

4. He did make a point in closing, that one must believe in what? Two or three of these Aspects? ALL FOUR! And that if he missed one, he is not a believer and he gave an example....one who believes in the existence of Allah but he doesn't believe in the Lordship of Allah...he is what? Not a believer. He believes in the existance and Lordship of Allah but doesn't believe that Allah Alone should be worshiped...he is not a believer. He believes in the existence and Lordship of Allah and that Allah Alone should be worshiped but doesn't believe in the Names and Qualities of Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala)...he is not a believer. So he has to have belief in existence of Allah, the Lordship of Allah, the Names and Qualities of Allah and the fact that Allah Alone has the right to be worshiped. ALL OR NOTHING! ALL OR NOTHING REGARDING THIS BELIEF! It has to be studied...I can't stress that enough. It's time out for those brothers who walk aroung expressing 'Salafiyyah, Salafiyyah', and you ask them a basic question on 'Aqeedah, and they act as if you've asked them a calculus problem...their eyes roll around in their foreheads, and they look up and look down and right and left and they have no answer to give...and they say they're on Salafiyyah! This is the message that you carry, this is the message that you live upon, that you implement. This is the purpose of your life...how can you be ignorant of this matter? So this is important to understand and so much other stuff that we pick up and we inculcate and we make a part of our life and a year ago it wasn't a part of our life, two years ago it wasn't a part of our life, woe to us, would have not been made a part of our lives, some of the stuff...and here's something that is a very important factor in our life, the utmost factor, and many of us, you know, act as if it's nothing and give no concern to it...either because of our desires or either because of our absentmindedness or either because of our neglect or either because we have been affected by the hizbees who do not give importance to the issue so therefore we don't give importance to it...whatever the case is it has to stop. We have to begin to learn this 'Aqeedah and know it. No-one in this room after these lessons should be in a state of ignorance regarding this issue. No-one who hears these tapes or whatever should be ignorant regarding this matter. No-One.

To be continued inshaAllah...................

Was Salaam

Jameelah Iman Muhammad bint Vasquez


March 20, 2011 at 5:30 PM Flag Quote & Reply

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