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Forum Home > Sharh Aqeedatul Wasitiyyah > Sharh Aqeedatul Wasitiyyah (Audio/Lecture/Notes)

thmsadaqagroup
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Assalaamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuhu

Bismillah, All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all that exist. THM Sadaqa Group, Your Standard Salafi Curriculum Guide to online homeschool assistance, is offering an audio lecture series class for the following:

The Sharh Aqeedatil Wasitiyah [Explanation of the Aqeedatil Wasitiyah] by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen

Translated by Abu Uwais Abdallah Ahmed Ali (rahimahullah).This is a well known book written by Shaykhul Islaam Taqee ad-Deen ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullah).

The set consists of 32 cds’, available for the sale price of $75.00 [not including postage] (check with the site to see if they are still on sale!) www.authenticstatements.com  

When is the class?

At the beginning of our second semester, the class will be instituted on October 9, 2010 inshaAllah. That’s every Saturday (for 32 weeks) by the will of Allah. (Recording is not Allowed)

What time is the class?

8:30am EST

Where is the class being held?

Alhamdulillah for students who wish to participate in this course and who enjoy the comfort of privacy through the use of wiziq private invite, you can access this free Islamic Studies Courses by sending us your contact information or adding us to your contact list.

For all other students and listeners who don’t mind (brothers listening in) you can access our Paltalk room: THM Sadaqa Group Students Only. Let me remind everyone that communication between the opposite genders is not allowed except for the posting of questions to the admin about the recording. All other questions that are posted will not be answered by the admin and will be forwarded to students of knowledge or to the scholars. Your sabr is sought in this affair inshaAllah. You can then check here for the responses barakallahu feekum.

Is there a fee for this course?

There is no fee for this lecture course. However, we do encourage participants to make donations to the program so that we will have the ability to continue offering programs of this type in the future inshaAllah. You can make a donation on the website www.thmsadaqagroup.org inshaAllah. JazakAllahu Khayrun.

Taking Personal Notes for a Lecture:

All students who wish to increase in their own personal study and learn to take notes for lectures, or practice grasping the main idea of topics and increasing in beneficial ILM inshaAllah should place a genuine effort in attempting to achieve this goal. The lecture content will change every week inshaAllah. We may listen to an audio, where recording is not allowed. So learning to capture key points of a lecture is essential for future task, such as the lectures given by albaseerah.org from the senior scholars or Live Salafi Publications, from the Masjid Rahmah Room, Back to the Basics and even Live Salafi Duroos. This course should assist you in preparing for such tasks inshaAllah.

•Please come prepared to take notes (notebook or Microsoft word program) *hand written notes are suggested

•Making sure you title your paper with the Basmalah, the Name of the Lecture, Credited to person giving the lecture, and the Date

•Please include any text associated with the lesson, whether it is from referenced books, articles, or treatise.

•Make reference for Qur'aan and Ahaadith in the margins so you can go back later and fill in the appropriate information

•Make note of past and present scholars mentioned

•Make note of authentic text and treaties mentioned

•You can submit your notes or transcribed lectures for others to benefit/Please write your full name or kunya on it

•Submit your summarized notes to this forum by clicking "reply" or create a thread for your own posting needs.

For those of you who may miss the scheduled lecture, you may have another opportunity to listen to the same lecture (Sunday's at 8:30am) if it is a pre-recorded audio inshaAllah, any dars other than these you will have to rely upon the notes of your peers. Submission for your notes is under the same guidelines as previously stated any additional information will be posted.

Where can I post my notes for others to benefit?

By logging into the website of THM  you can post your current notes for this class under the course description for The Sharh Aqeedatil Wasitiyah (Audio/Lecture/Notes) section.

Lastly, I say May Allah grant all of us the ability to benefit from that which is good, from that which will provide insight and guidance, from the students and scholars who have gone before us and from those who are present today, Aameen.

THM Sadaqa Group Administration

Saddiqua Muhammad Black Bint Elijah

March 20, 2011 at 5:10 PM Flag Quote & Reply

thmsadaqagroup
Administrator
Posts: 107

Audio 1

Assalaamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuhu

audio lecture was about:

Sharh Aqeedatil Wasitiyah

Written by Shaykhul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullah)

Explained by Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Saalih Uthaymeen (rahimahullah)

Translated by Abu Uwais Abdallah Ahmed Ali (rahimahullah)

This lecture was given on Yaumal Khamees (Thursday), on the 7th of Rajab 1424/2003

It is important that we know the original scholar who wrote the book, and the ones who do the explanation of those books. In this respect, Shaykhul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah who wrote the original work at a request by a qadi (a muslim Judge) from the city of Wasid. He came complaining about the deviation that the people had regarding the Aqeedah, in particular the names and qualities of Allah, Asma was Siffat. Shaykh ul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah responded that “al-aqeedah, the belief is not taken from me, or from this one or from that one. But rather its saying from the book of Allah, the Sunnah and from the Salafis Salih.” And anyone can get that from any source. The man persisted that Ibn Taymiyyah write it down for him. So he wrote it down for him

The explainer of this work is none other than the Allamah, ?, muhaddith, Shaykh Muhammad Ibn saalih al-Uthaymeen. And he explains it in works that have 1,2,or 3 volumes. It is concise and in detail. This is in accordance to his works that are known.

The Biography of Ibn Taymiyyah can be found on fatwa-online.com

Abu Uwais (rahimahullah) provides a detailed description of the level of knowledge this great scholar possessed by the will of Allah, and that he was referred to as "Taqee ud deen" which is a title that means the pious one of the deen. Titles were well known in the 7th and 8th century. However, he explained that the shaykh disliked this term because it is an innovation, and is disliked in Islam. It is a form of claiming taskiyah for yourself. "How do you know your the Taqee ud deen?" Titles should not be used except for the title that is warranted, and that giving people names like these is not allowed according to Shari`ah.

The phrase "shaykh ul Islam" was given to him because he is well rounded (The one who is a Jurist). His kunyah was Abul Abbas. His name is Ahmed ibn Abdul Halim ibn Abdul Salaam ibn Taymiyyah al Harani al Hanbali. Hanbali is not explained as it is today, where a person is just blind following their whims. Such as the madhaddiths...(those who only follow it if it is in the madhab they are following.)

...

He was born on the 10th of Rabi`l Awwal in 661 AH/Jan. 12. In a place near Northern Iraq. Born to a group of scholars (family tree) Alhamdulillah the lecture includes information and details about his family members who were also great scholars (father - Abdul Halim Ibn Taymiyyah his knowledge was wide spread doing the time of Tatar, grandfather-abul Al-Barakat -wrote the orignal book on Selections of prophetic sayings, and so forth). Shawkaanee came and explained it many years later.

...

*He stressed the importance of learning about Abu Hasan al-Ashari to be warned about what he was upon at one time and those things he used to call towards, and what he was known for. He mentioned his connection to the Mu`atazilah, and Asha`idah? who only approved of 7 of Allah's qualities (ex: they say Allah has hearing but does not hear). Then Allah gudied this brother to meet Sa`id Zakarriyah which set him on the correct path, except that he could not get away from a few mistakes.

These are just some brief notations of the lecture may Allah forgive me for any errors or short comings Aameen. InshaAllah we will benefit from others who will post with added details

Barakallahu Feekum

Saddiqua Muhammad Black bint Elijah

March 20, 2011 at 5:14 PM Flag Quote & Reply

thmsadaqagroup
Administrator
Posts: 107

BISMILLAH – IR RAHMAN – IR RAHEEM

 

April 6th, 2008

11:30 a.m.

 

Topic: SHARH AL-AQEEDATIL WASITIYAH

‘Fundamental Beliefs Of Islam & Rejection Of False Concepts’

 

Written By: Sheikh ul-Islam ibn Taimiyah

Explanation By: Imaam Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen

Translated By: Abu Uwais Abdallah Ahmed Ali

 

 

As Salaamu ‘Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuh

 

Brother Abu Uwais (rahimahullah) began with the introduction of the author of this work, Sheikh ul-Islam ibn Taimiyah. The Sheikh was born with the name Taqi ad-Deen Abdul Abbas Ahmad ibn ‘Abd al-Halim ibn ‘Abd as-Salam ibn Taimiyah al-Harrani. He was born in Harran which is now known as Turkey (close to the Syrian border),on January 22nd 1263 (661 A.H.) into a family of theologians. His father was Abdul Halim and his grandfather was Abu al-Barakat.

 

Sheikh ibn Taimiyah was given the title Taqi-ud-Deen which means ‘Jurist’ of the Deen even though titles were disliked by the Shariah. His school/ tradition was Hanbali, of which his grandfather was a reputable teacher. He followed in his fathers footsteps (who died when Sheikh ibn Taimiyah was 22 years old) by studying with the great scholars of his time, which included a woman scholar named Zaynab bint Makki who taught him Hadith.

 

He showed his courage in front of Qazaan, the Khan of the Tartars, when he went to see him with a group of the Ulemaa and said to him ‘You claim that you are a Muslim, having Mu’adhdhins, Muftis, Imams, and Shaykh but you invaded us for what? Your father and grandfather Hulagu were non- believers who didn’t attack and kept their promise, but you promised and broke your promise.

 

Due to Ibn Taimiyahs outspokedness, puritanical views, and literalism he was imprisoned several times for conflicting with the opinions of prominent jurists and theologians of his day

 

Sheikh ul-Islam ibn Taimiyah influenced: Ibn al-Qayyim

Al-Dhahabi

Ibn Kathir

Ibn Abd al Wahhab

Just to name a few. He died in Damascus on September 26/27, 1328 at age 65.

Emailed Post from: Jameelah Iman Muhammad

--

 

March 20, 2011 at 5:16 PM Flag Quote & Reply

thmsadaqagroup
Administrator
Posts: 107

BISMILLAH-IR RAHMAH-IR RAHEEM

Sunday April 13th, 2008

11:30 a.m.

 

Topic: Sharh Al - Aqeedatil Wasitiyah

'Fundamental Beliefs Of Islam & Rejection Of False Concepts'

 

Written By: Sheikh ul-Islam ibn Taimiyah

Explanation By: Imaam Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen

Translated By: Abu Uwais Abdallah Ahmed Ali

 

As Salaamu 'Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuh

 

Brother Abu Uwais (rahimahullah) continued this weeks study of Sharh Al-Aqeedatil Wasitiyah by asking the question: Who was Ibn Taimiyah? He stressed the importance of knowing the scholars and reviewing what we have learned, so that we are sure that we have an understanding of the material that we are studying. Then he recapped last weeks class and added that Ibn Taimiyah was very persistent in his mission.

 

Ibn Taimiyah was the kind of Muslim that was firm in his belief , nothing wavering, and dealt with, subdued, and conquered the many different types of mushrikeen that he came upon.

 

From 721 A.H. - 726 A.H. (?) he devoted himself to teaching. His goal was to revive the Deen of Islam and encourage strict adherence to Tawheed. His was the rebirth of Fiqh, Sunnah, Tawheed, and Hadith. Some words to describe Sheikh Ibn Taimiyah are unique, righteous, strong, courageous.......

 

In 1718 A.H. (1381 C.E.) a verdict was passed down from Cairo to imprison Ibn Taimiyah for giving fatwa. As a result of this verdict, he spent 5 months in prison for pronouncing fatwa on the issue of divorce.........pronouncing talaq 3 times.

He viewed his time in prison as a “ni'mah” from Allah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala). It was time that he could devote himself fully to the worship of Allah (azza wa jall). This was stressed in the correspondence written by Ibn Taimiyah to his bretheren while he was imprisoned.

 

Ibn Taimiyah died in prison in the year 728 H. at the age of 67. He was buried in a sufi cemetery in Damascus, where his mother was also buried. Two hundred thousand (200,000) men and fifteen thousand (15,000) women attended his funeral which was given by the people of Damascus who held him in high regard.

Brother Abu Uwais (rahimahullah) then went on to speak about Sheikh Uthaymeen who was also born in a religious family and was educated by many scholars, the likes of Sheikh Sa'dee, Sheikh Shanqeetee, and Sheikh Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz. He had his own unique style of interpretation and everyone inside and outside of Saudia benefited from him. He knew the principles of the Deen of Islam. He was light brown skinned, had a white beard, shiny pearl teeth, and was constantly smiling. Sheikh Uthaymeen has some 50 compilations (books) to his credit and he was a member of the Council of Senior Scholars. He died on 15 Shawwal 1421 A.H. (January 10th, 2001) at the age of 74.

 

Sheikh Sa'dee (Sheikh of Uthaymeen) on Aqeedah:

Says that Tawheed is the most noble of knowledge...the best and most perfect knowledge. Whatever needs to be mended in the heart, Tawheed will straighten it out. When we study Aqeedah our morals, manners, and behaviors will be correct. If our Aqeedah(sound knowledge pertaining to Allah{subhaanahu wa ta'aala}) is sound, everything else will be sound.

And concerning the book Sharh Al-Aqeedatil Wasitiyah:

Opens with the page...........ask the scholars if you don't know! Although this book focuses on the 3 aspects of Tawheed (Rububiyyah, Uluhiyyah, and Asmaa wa Siffat), it deals mainly with Asmaa wa Siffat.

 

{Tawheedur-Rububiyyah means maintaining the Oneness of Allah's Lordship, the belief that Allah Alone is the Creator of the whole universe and its Designer, and that it is He Who gives life and causes death. Besides, it also entails belief that Allah is the Provider, the Powerful and the Firm Possessor of strength.}

 

{Tawheedul-Uluhiyyah means maintaining the Oneness of Allah's Divinity; (the belief that no one deserves to be worshiped except Allah) means that all kinds of worship should be directed to none but Allah. The Arabic word Al-Uluhiyyah means worship and the word “Ilah” means 'the Worshiped One.'}

 

A person who is on all three aspects of Tawheed is called a Muwahhid. Sheikh Uthaymeen called Sheikh Ibn Taimiyah a 'habr', which means someone who is an ocean of knowledge. Ibn Taimiyah was a protector, defender, and maintainer of Aqeedah. This book, Sharh Al-Aqeedatil Wasitiyah, was written because a judge from Wasiy came to Ibn Taimiyah complaining about the beliefs of the people. This book is considered 'the butter' of Aqeedah , written for the people in order to guide them from bid'ah to the correctness of Worship of Allah, stressing the fact that we are created solely for the purpose of Worshiping Allah Alone and that we are to take off anything from the dunya that doesn't help us in Tawheed.

To Be Continued InshaAllah...........................

 

Wa'Salaam,

Jameelah Iman Muhammad bint Vasquez

March 20, 2011 at 5:17 PM Flag Quote & Reply

thmsadaqagroup
Administrator
Posts: 107

BISMILLAH -IR- RAHMAN -IR- RAHEEM

April 20th, 2008

11:30 a.m.

Topic: Sharh Al-Aqeedatil Wasitiyah

'Fundamental Beliefs of Islam & Rejection of False Concepts'

Written By: Sheikh ul-Islam Ibn Taimiyah

Explanation By: Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen

Translated By: Abu Uwais Abdallah Ahmed Ali

As Salaamu 'Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuh

Brother Abu Uwais (rahimahullah) opened with Praises to Allah ( subhaanahu wa ta'aala) then he began with the explanation of the first Aspect of Tawhîd which is Tawhîdur-Rubûbiyyah.

Tawhîdur-Rubûbiyyah: Maintaining the Oneness of Allah's Lordship, the belief that Allah Alone is the Creator of the whole universe and its Designer, and that it is He who gives life and causes death. Besides, it also entails belief that Allah is the Provider, the Powerful and the Firm Possessor of strength.

When we think of Tawhîdur-Rubûbiyyah, three (3) qualities should come to mind and these three (3) qualities are as follows:

(1)The Creation (the fact that Allah Alone created everything)

(2)Ownership (the fact that Allah Alone owns everything)

(3)Control ( the fact that Allah Alone controls everything [i.e. runs all affairs])

Verily for Him is the creation and the order. He is exclusive in His Right to create and order whatsoever He Wills. When Allah (azza wa jall) wants to establish something, all He has to do is to say “BE” and it is!

Allah has not connected the creation to anything other than Himself. When we speak about creation with Allah, we are speaking of bringing something into existence, creating something from nothing. Humans do not have the ability to create, but they utilize materials which Allah Alone has created, to fashion into whatever shape or form that they can imagine, such as a door........man does not have the capability to create the wood that the door is made from, but Allah has created this material and has given the mentality to the man to form the wood into what we know as a door.

We must understand that anything that is called upon other than Allah.....we must understand that this thing is unable to create even the likes of a fly. This thing that is called upon must have a source in which to seek assistance to accomplish whatever they are trying to do.

The Ownership of Allah is Complete, Total, and Exclusive and He can do with it whatever He wants to do. Man is limited in ownership and action. We cannot order a servant to get sick or become well, only Allah can do this. Nothing that we bring can go into opposition with this fact!

Now, onto the second Aspect of Tawhîd which is Tawhîdul-Ulûhiyyah.

Tawhîdul-Ulûhiyyah: Maintaining the Oneness of Allah's Divinity; (The belief that no one deserves to be worshiped except Allah) means that all kinds of worship should be directed to none but Allah. The Arabic word Al-Ulûhiyyah means worship and the word “Ilâh” means 'the Worshiped One.'

We are not a servant/slave to other than Allah! We do not worship anyone or anything except Allah. We single out Allah Alone for worship.

The Arabic word for worship is 'Ibadah', which is based on two (2) things:

(1)Love (which makes you have a hope)

(2)Recognition of Allahs' Greatness ( which makes you have fear and awe)

If you love Allah, you have a desire to have what He has in store. You have a desire to meet Him, to establish His Obediences, and to refrain from His Prohibitions. If you even think of sin, you picture Allah in front of you and you run away from that sin [And indeed she did desire him, and he would have inclined to her desire, had he not seen the evidence of his Lord. Thus it was, that We might turn away from him evil and illegal sexual intercourse. Surely, he was one of Our chosen, (guided) slaves. Surat 12 Yusuf:24].

The action that you are doing and the one who you are doing it for is what is defined as Ibadah. A more simple explanation for Ibadah is 'that which has been ordered on the tongue of the Messenger Muhammad (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam). Our Ibadah should consist of Humility, Love For Allah, and Glorification. Without these things Ibadah is not considered to be worship, but is considered to be a habit. Ibadah is also what Allah is pleased with outwardly and inwardly. We worship Allah outwardly with actions such as sajdah, ruku, takbeer and the like.

Rubûbiyyah is from Allah to us and Ulûhiyyah is from us to Allah. Every Action of Allah is Tawhîdur-Rubûbiyyah. It is very important to explain these Aspects of Tawhîd to your spouse and children.

Remember the Hadeeth of the slave girl:

Mu’aawiyah ibn al-Hakam said: "I had a slave-girl who tended sheep for me in the direction of Uhud and Al-Jawaaniyaah and I came one day and found that a wolf had taken one of the sheep, and I am a man from the children of Aadam, I became angry as they do, but I hit her very hard. So I came to the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and he made me aware of the seriousness of that, so I said: O Messenger of Allaah, shall I free her? He said: "Bring her." So I brought her and he said to her: "Where is Allaah?" She said: ‘Above the sky.’ He said: "Who am I?" She said: ‘You are Allaah’s Messenger.’ He said: "Free her for she is a Believer.""

(ii) The hadeeth establishes the unequivocal validity of asking the question: 'Where is Allaah?'

(iii) That the only acceptable answer from a Believer to the question 'Where is Allaah?' is to say 'In (above) the heaven' since the Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam himself accepted this answer and did not criticise it in any way. To give an answer other than this would be to venture into the realms of speculation.

Taken from salafipublications.com

She knew this because the explanation of Tawhîdur-Rubûbiyyah was prevalent in the society of the Sahabah. So do not busy yourself with the dunya, get busy with the Deen!

To be continued inshaAllah......................

Wa Salaam

Jameelah Iman Muhammad bint Vasquez

--

 

March 20, 2011 at 5:18 PM Flag Quote & Reply

thmsadaqagroup
Administrator
Posts: 107

BISMILLAH-IR- RAHMAN -IR- RAHEEM

April 27th, 2008

11:30 a.m.

Sunday

Topic: Sharh Al-Aqeedat-il-Wasitiyah

'Fundamental Beliefs of Islam and Rejection of False Concepts'

Written By: Sheikh ul-Islam Ibn Taimiyah

Explanation By: Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen

Translated By: Abu Uwais Abdallah Ahmed Ali

As Salaamu 'Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuh

Because we are building our knowledge to make sure that what has proceeded has been understood, Brother Abu Uwais opened with a review in the form of questions:

(1)What is the title of this book?

Answer: Sharh Al-Aqeedat-il-Wasitiyah

(2)How did this book get its title?

Answer: After a judge from the people of Wasiy came to Ibn Taimiyah with a complaint about their belief in Allah, Ibn Taimiyah wrote this work of Aqeedah to the people of Wasiy.

(3)Who is the author?

Answer: Sheikh ul-Islam Ibn Taimiyah

(4)Who has given the explanation?

Answer: Imaam Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen with the translation by Abu Uwais Abdallah Ahmed Ali

(5) What are the three (3) Aspects of Tawheed?

Answer:

(a) Tawhidur-Rububiyyah: Maintaining the Oneness of Allah's Lordship, the belief that Allah Alone is the Creator of the whole universe and its Designer, and that it is He Who gives life and causes death. Besides, it also entails belief that Allah is the Provider, the Powerful and the Firm Possessor of strength.

(b) Tawhidul-Uluhiyyah: Maintaining the Oneness of Allah's Divinity; (The belief that no one deserves to be worshiped except Allah) means that all kinds of worship should be directed to none but Allah. The Arabic word Al-Uluhiyyah means worship and the word “Ilah” means 'the Worshiped One'.

(c ) Asmaa wa Siffat: From Eemaan (faith) in Allaah is to have eemaan in those of His Asmaa'ul-Husnaa (Beautiful names) and Sifaatul-Ulyaa (Lofty Attributes) that occur in His Great Book and that have been affirmed by His trustworthy Messenger (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) -without tahreef (distorting the wording or the meaning), tateel (divesting or denying the Attributes), takyeef(asking how) or tamtheel (resembling Allaah to any of His creation). Rather,it is obligatory to leave them as they came, without takyeef (asking how) or tamtheel (resembling Allaah to any of His creation). Along with this, it is also obligatory to have eemaan in the meaning that Allaah-the Mighty and Majestic-has been described with, in a way which befits Him: without resembling Him to His creation in any of His attributes.

Allaah-the Most High -says:

"There is nothing like unto Him,and He is the All-Hearing,the All-seeing"

Allaah -the Mighty and Majestic -also says:

"And do not put forward any similitudes for Allaah. Indeed, Allaah knows and you do not know"

This explanation of Asmaa wa Siffat was given by Sheikh Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz, taken from salafipublications. Brother Abu Uwais will go further into the explanation of Asmaa wa Siffat at a later date inshaAllah.

Brother Abu Uwais then asked, “Where did the three (3) Aspects of Tawheed come from? He stated that our response, to those who say that 'it is bid'ah', is found in Surat Al-Fatihah.

Allah says:

1.In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

2.All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord (1) of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists). (2)

3.The Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

4.The Only Owner ( and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)

5.You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).

6.Guide us to the Straight Way. (3)

7.The way of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace (4), not (the way) of those who earned Your Anger (5), nor of those who went astray. (6) (7) (8)

 

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------(1)(V. 1:2) Lord: The actual word used in the Qur'an is Rabb. There is no proper equivalent for Rabb in the English language. It means the One and the Only Lord for all the universe, its Creator, Owner, Organizer, Provider, Master, Planner, Sustainer, Cherisher, and Giver of security. Rabb is also one of the Names of Allah.

We have used the word “Lord” as the nearest to Rabb. All occurrences of “Lord” in the interpretation of the meanings of the Noble Qur'an actually mean Rabb and should be understood as such.

(2)(V. 1:2) Narrated Abu Sa'id bin Al-Mu'alla: While I was praying in the mosque, Allah's Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) called me but I did not respond to him. Later I said, “O Allah's Messenger, I was praying.” He said, “Didn't Allah say, 'Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and His Messenger when he (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) calls you.' “ (V. 8:24).

He then said to me, “I will teach you a Surah which is the greatest Surah in the Qur'an, before you leave the mosque.” Then he got hold of my hand, and when he intended to leave (the mosque), I said to him, “Didn't you say to me, 'I will teach you a Surah which is the greatest Surah in the Qur'an?' “ He said, “Al-Hamdu lillahi Rabbil-'alamin [i.e. all the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists)], Surat Al-Fatihah which is As-Sab' Al-Mathani (i.e. the seven repeatedly recited Verses) and the Grand Qur'an which has been given to me.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari, 6/4474 (O.P.)].

(3)(V. 1:6) Guidance is of two kinds:

(a) Guidance of Taufiq and it is totally from Allah, i.e. Allah opens one's heart to receive the truth ( from disbelief to Belief in Islamic Monotheism)

(b) Guidance of Irshad through preaching by Allah's Messengers and pious preachers who preach the truth, i.e. Islamic Monotheism.

(4)(V 1:7) i.e. the way of the Prophets, the Siddiqun (i.e. those followers of the Prophet, who were first and foremost to believe in him, like Abu Bakr As-Siddiq), the martyrs and the righteous, [as Allah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) said: “And whoso obeys Allah and the Messenger (Muhammad sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam), then they will be in the company of those on whom Allah has bestowed His Grace, of the Prophets, the Siddiqun, the martyrs, and the righteous. And how excellent these companions are!” (V. 4:69)

(5)(V 1:7) Narrated Adi bin Hatim (radiAllahu anhu): I asked Allah's Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) about the Statement of Allah: 1. Ghairil maghdubi 'alahim [not (the way) of those who earned Your Anger], he (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) replied: “They are the Jews”. And 2. Walad-dallin ( nor of those who went astray),” he (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) replied: “The Christians, and they are the ones who went astray”. [This Hadith is quoted by At-Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud].

(6)(V. 1:7) Narration about Zaid bin 'Amr bin Nufail.

Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (radiAllahu anhu): The Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) met Zaid bin 'Amr bin Nufail in the bottom of (the valley of) Baldah before the descent of any Divine revelation to the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam). A meal was presented to the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) but he refused to eat from it. (Then it was presented to Zaid) who said, “I do not eat anything which you slaughter on your Nusub* in the name of your idols. I eat only those (animals) on which Allah's Name has been mentioned at the time of their slaughtering.” Zaid bin 'Amr used to criticise the way Quraish used to slaughter their animals and used to say, “Allah has created the sheep and He has sent the water for it from the sky, and He has grown the grass for it from the earth; yet you slaughter it in others than the Name of Allah.” He used to say so, for he rejected that practice and considered it as something abominable. [Sahih Al-Bukhari 5/3826 (O.P. 169)].

*NusubSingular of Ansab). An-Nusub were stone altars at fixed places or graves, etc., whereon sacrifices were offered during fixed periods of occasions and seasons in the name of idols, jinn, angels, pious men, saints, in order to honour them, or to expect some benefit from them.

Narrated Ibn 'Umar (radiAllahu anhu): Zaid bin 'Amr bin Nufail went to Sham (the region comprising Syria, Lebanon, Palestine and Jordan), enquiring about a true religion to follow. He met a Jewish religious scholar and asked him about their religion. He said, “I intend to embrace your religion, so tell me something about it.” The Jew said, “You will not embrace our religion unless you receive your share of Allah's Anger.” Zaid said, “I do not run except from Allah's Anger, and I will never bear a bit of it if I have the power to avoid it. Can you tell me of some other religion?” He said, “I do not know any other religion except Hanif (Islamic Monotheism).” Zaid enquired, “What is Hanif ?” He said, “ Hanif is the religion of (the Prophet) Abraham (alayhis salaam), he was neither a Jew nor a Christian, and he used to worship none but Allah [(Alone) --- Islamic Monotheism].” Then Zaid went out and met a Christian religious scholar and told him the same (as before). The Christian said, “You will not embrace our religion unless you get a share of Allah's Curse.” Zaid replied, “I do not run except from Allah's Curse, and I will never bear any of Allah's Curse and His Anger if I have the power to avoid them. Will you tell me of some other religion?” He replied, “I do not know of any other religion except Hanif (Islamic Monotheism) .” Zaid enquired, “What is Hanif?” He replied, “Hanif is the religion of (the Prophet) Abraham (alayhis salaam) he was neither a Jew nor a Christian, (and he used to worship none but Allah [(Alone) ---- Islamic Monotheism].” When Zaid heard their statement about (the religion of) Abraham, he left that place, and when he came out, he raised both his hands and said, “O Allah! I make You my Witness that I am on the religion of Abraham.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari, 5/3827 (O.P. 169)].

Narrated Asma' bint Abu Bakr (radiAllahu anha): I saw Zaid bin 'Amr bin Nufail standing with his back against the Ka'bah and saying, “O people of Quraish! By Allah, none amongst you is on the religion of Abraham except me.” She added: He (Zaid) used to preserve the lives of little girls; if somebody wanted to kill his daughter, he would say to him, “Do not kill her for I will feed her on your behalf.” So he would take her, and when she grew up nicely, he would say to her father, 'Now if you will (wish), I will give her to you, and if you will (wish), I will feed her on your behalf.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari, 5/3828 (O.P. 169)].

(7)(V. 1:7) Narrated 'Ubadah bin As-Samit (radiAllahu anhu): Allah's Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “Whoever does not recite Surat Al-Fatihah in his prayer, his prayer is invalid.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari, 1/756 (O.P. 723)].

(8)(V. 1:7) Narrated Abu Hurairah (radiAllahu anhu): Allah's Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “When the Imam says: Ghairil-maghdubi 'alahim walad-dallin [i.e. not the way of those who earned Your Anger, nor the way of those who went astray (1:7)], then you must say, Amin, for if one's utterance of Amin coincides with that of the angels, then his past sins will be forgiven.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari, 6/4475 (O.P. 2)].

Taken from the Interpretation of the Meanings of The Noble Qur'an In the English Language.....A Summarized Version of At-Tabari, Al-Qurtubi and Ibn Kathir with comments from Sahih Al-Bukhari.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Brother Abu Uwais went on to say that Al-Ibaadah means 'To single out Allah Alone for worship.' When connect it to Allah it is Uluhiyyah and when connected to us it is Al-Ibaadah.

Worship is based upon two (2) matters, Love and Recognition, which results in Fear and Hope. The daleel for this is “Verily they were rushing to do good and they called upon Us in a state of fear and hope.” It enters the heart and shows upon the limbs.

Ibaadah = Orders & Commands: Obedience to Allah's Orders and Prohibitions........doing what you have been ordered........leaving what has been forbidden!

If you love Allah, you have a hope/desire for what He has and a desire to be with Him. You look for the path that leads to Him , you establish and carry out obedience in the most perfect way..........this is Only If You Love Allah!

You run far away from sin [And indeed she did desire him, and he would have inclined to her desire, had he not seen the evidence of his Lord. Thus it was, that We might turn away from him evil and illegal sexual intercourse. Surely, he was one of Our chosen, (guided) slaves. Surat 12 Yusuf:24]. You fear Allah and you have shame.

To be continued InshaAllah......................

Wa Salaam

Jameelah Iman Muhammad bint Vasquez

March 20, 2011 at 5:19 PM Flag Quote & Reply

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BISMILLAH -IR- RAHMAN -IR- RAHEEM

May 4th, 2008

11:30 a.m.

Sunday

Topic: Sharh Al-Aqeedatil Wasitiyah

'Fundamental Beliefs of Islam & Rejection of False Concepts'

Written By: Sheikh ul-Islam Ibn Taimiyah

Explanation By: Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen

Translated By: Abu Uwais Abdallah Ahmed Ali

As Salaamu 'Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuh

Brother Abu Uwais (rahimahullah) chose to begin this lesson without any reviews, going directly into the issue concerning the three (3) Aspects of Tawheed, mainly focusing on the third Aspect of Tawheed which is Asmaa wa Siffat.

The first two Aspects of Tawheed, Tawhidur-Rububiyyah and Tawhidul-Uluhiyyah, were not debated or disagreed about by any of the Muslims. The arguments arose concerning Asmaa wa Siffat, the meaning of which is to believe in the Oneness of the Names and Attributes of Allah without 'tahreef '(means changing. Introducing change in a statement means leaving out the meaning understood by it and accepting such a meaning which the words may indicate in a doubtful sense. Of course, if there is a context to justify this sense then one must explain its possibility), 'ta'teel' (means leaving and vacating. In the present context it means negating the Attributes of Allah and denying them with His Self. The difference between tahreef and ta'teel is that in the latter case that real meaning is denied which is proved by the Qur'an and the Hadith* (mentioned below), while in tahreef the explanation of the text is done with such meanings that are false and the word does not prove them. So ta'teel includes tahreef. Wherever there is tahreef, ta'teel is certainly there, but the reverse is not true. If someone tries to prove the false meaning and denies the real meaning, he is committing both ta'teel and tahreef), 'takyeef' ( means to have faith that the states of the Attributes of Allah are such and such, or putting questions about the state of the Attributes of Allah), or 'tamtheel' (means to believe that the Attributes of Allah are like the Attributes of the creature. The phrase Bi ghair takyeef means that Ahlus Sunnah deny that they have any knowledge of His condition, for Allah Alone knows the state of His Self and Attributes. But this does not mean that they completely deny the states themselves, for it is essential for everything that it has a state). Rather, it is obligatory to leave them as they came, without takyeef (asking how), or tamtheel (resembling Allah to any of His creation). Along with this, it is also obligatory to have eemaan in the meaning that Allah -the Mighty and Majestic- has been described with, in a way which befits Him: without resembling Him to His creation in any of His attributes.

This third Aspect of Tawheed, Asmaa wa Siffat, is where there were a lot of debating, discussions, arguing, and deviancies. The group that was mostly in opposition to the meaning of Asmaa wa Siffat was the Shiite (Shi'a), who are also known as Ar-Raafidah. Then the innovations began, and the first (1st) innovation to come into this Ummah was by the Khawarij, who declare Muslims as disbelievers thereby making their blood lawful for shedding. Then came the Qadariyah who say that Allah did not decree the actions of the people. They are also known as Ma'joos (fire worshipers). Next are the Murji'ah who believe that as long as you have eemaan you are a believer regardless of the sin that you commit. Eemaan neither increases nor decreases according to them. They are also known as the Persians.

The next group are called Al-Jahmiyah. This sect of people came out in the last era of Umawi empire. It belongs to “Jahm bin Safwan” At-Tirmidhi. They deny the Names and Attributes of Allah, similar to the extremists of Murji'ah and Jabariyah.

Finally, Bro. Abu Uwais (rahimahullah) mentioned the Al-Mashabbiha, who give The Creator the position of the creation. They are also called Al-Mujassimah and are the opponent of Al-Jahmiyah in affirmation of Names and Attributes of Allah. They believe that Allah possesses Hand similar to the hand of creatures, Hearing as hearing of creatures, Sight as sight of creatures, etc. This is the darkest bid'ah connected to the matter of the Names and Attributes as it opposes what Allah has said about His Self in Surat 42 (Ash-Shura): 11;

Allaah the Exalted says:

The Creator of the heavens and the earth. He has made for you mates from yourselves, and for the cattle (also) mates. By this means He creates you (in the wombs). There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.

Exalted is Allah from what the wrongdoers say about Him. He is High and Great.

 

Speaking again concerning deviance.............Brother Abu Uwais (rahimahullah) mentioned that a man asked Al-Hasan al-Basri, "If a believer commits a sin, what is he?" Al-Hasan al-Basri knew that a Muslim should not speak without knowledge so he did not answer him immediately, but pondered on the question. Before Hasan al-Basri could reply, he was preceded by Wasil ibn 'Ata (a pupil of his) who stated "he is neither a kaafir nor a believer and in the Hereafter he will be in the Hellfire". Having spoken this, he strode to another corner of the mosque and began to explain this belief of his to others. Imam Al-Hasan al-Basri glanced at him and said, "I’tazala `anna," i. e.,"He has withdrawn from us." From that very day Wasil and his followers were called al-Mu'tazilah, the Withdrawers or Secessionists.

It is not for us to try to imagine Allah's Qualities. Tashbeeh is resembling Allah to His creation which is a great sin. We have something called a 'Ruh' in our body which is impossible to describe, so how much more difficult to describe the Creator! *And it forms part of the faith in Allah that we believe in those Attributes with which Allah has qualified Himself and with which the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) has qualified Allah. Neither should alterations be made nor negations, nor attributing a state of being nor of likeness to creation*.

Allah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) is not similar to the creation on any level. We cannot encompass Allah (azza wa jall) with our knowledge. We are to submit to and believe whatever Allah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) says about Himself. It is 'kufr' to believe that Allah (azza wa jall) is similar to His creatures. No-one has more knowledge about Allah (azza wa jall) than Allah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) and His Messenger, so once we have understood and applied the three (3) Aspects of Tawheed, we are to be firm and strong in our belief!

To be continued inshaAllah.....................................................

Jameelah Iman Muhammad bint Vasquez

USA-CT

Some explanations were also taken from the book Sharh Al-Aqeedat-il-Wasitiyah Written by Sheikh ul-Islam Ibn Taimiyah and distributed by DARUSSALAM, and the Noble Qur'an

March 20, 2011 at 5:20 PM Flag Quote & Reply

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BISMILLAH -IR- RAHMAN -IR- RAHEEM

May 11th, 2008

11:30 a.m.

Sunday

Topic: Sharh Al-Aqeedatil Wasitiyah

'Fundamental Beliefs Of Islam & Rejection Of False Concepts'

Written By: Sheikh ul-Islam ibn Taimiyah

Explanation By: Imaam Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen

Translated By: Abu Uwais Abdallah Ahmed Ali

 

As Salaamu 'Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuh

Brother Abu Uwais (rahimahullah) began the lesson speaking on 'Bismillah'. The word that is the first (1st) word in the text, in the opening Surah of the Qur'an [Surah Al-Fatihah, known as the 'seven oft repeated verses' because this Surah begins every prayer that the Muslim utters]. The meaning of the word 'Bismillah' is The saying of the Exalted, "With the Name of Allah, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful".

 

From the manners that Islam has taught us is to begin all of our actions by mentioning the Name of Allah first (1st). The Qur'an does this, the Prophet Muhammad (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) did this, and we are to follow this action. The purpose behind doing this is far-reaching and manifold:

(1) It brings Allah to mind before one does the action.

(2) It prevents one from doing evil actions.

(3) The believer will attain Allah’s support and succor in that action.

(4) It reminds one of the purpose, the source of fulfillment of that need, the source of blessings for that action and its final destination.

We do this also out of love and recognition of Allah's Greatness. The meaning of 'Allah'........ He is the Lord and the One Who is worshiped, the One deserving of being singled out for worship due to the Perfect Godly Attributes that He is described with [Surat Al-An'am 6:1-3; and the saying of the Exalted:

(1) All praises and thanks be to Allah, Who (Alone) created the heavens and the earth, and originated the darkness and the light; yet those who disbelieve hold others as equal with their Lord.

(2) He it is Who has created you from clay, and then has decreed a (stated) term (for you to die). And there is with Him another determined term (for you to be resurrected), yet you doubt (in the Resurrection).

(3) And He is Allah (to be worshiped Alone) in the heavens and on the earth; He knows what you conceal and what you reveal, and He knows what you earn (good or bad).]

Allah is Ar-Rahman........The Possessor of Mercy. The One full 0f Mercy for everyone. The word Rahman denotes that attribute of Allah which exists along with His Self.

Allah is Ar-Raheem.........The One who gives that Rahmah, conveys that Mercy to others. This is a particular type of mercy that is exclusively for the mumineen (true believers). This is His active attribute.

Brother Abu Uwais (rahimahullah) then expounded on the word 'al-Hamdulillah', which means 'All praise is for Allah'. Abu Hurairah reported the Apostle of Allah (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: “Every important matter which is not begun by an expression of praise to Allah is maimed.[*4208]” (Sunan Abu Dawud, Book 36/Chapter 1729/Hadith 4822)

*[4208] This shows that all important works should be begun in the Name of Allah or with the Praise of Allah. It means that the work not commenced with the Praise of Allah is devoid of blessing.

Therefore by saying al-Hamdulillah, the servant is praising and thanking Allah Alone due to His Greatness, Unity, Perfection, His Beautiful Names and Attributes and His Innumerable Favors and Blessings that none can encompass save He. These favors and blessings from Allah are imparted to all of His creatures, consisting not only of humans, but animals also. The greatest blessing that was sent by Allah was His Guidance that came through His messengers. All of the messengers came with the guidance and Religion of Truth, but the seal of the Prophets, Muhammad (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam), was given the complete guidance. All messengers are prophets, but not all prophets are messengers. The Arabic word for messenger is Rasool which means one who has been sent with a message. In the technical terms of the Shari'ah, Rasool is that free man to whom Allah's revelations come and he is commanded to convey them to others. If he is not commanded to convey them to others he is called a Nabi.

The meaning of Hidayah, or Huda, is to guide. The saying of the Exalted:

“And as for Thamud, We showed and made clear to them the Path of Truth (Islamic Monotheism) through Our Messenger (i.e. showed them the way of success), but they preferred blindness to guidance; so the Sa'iqah (a destructive, awful cry, torment, hit, thunderbolt) of disgracing torment seized them because of what they used to earn. [Surat Fussilat 41:17]

In this Qur'anic verse Hidayah (al-huda) means to guide. This meaning of Hidayah is common for all, which is beneficial knowledge and righteous actions. It is in this sense that the Qur'an and Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) are called Haadi (the guide).

The word Deen is used here to denote the action for which there is reward or punishment, and it is rewarded justly. That which must be implemented, that which must be done is the only Deen with Allah......the only one that Allah is pleased with. The word Haqq means truth, that which is proved and is real; its antonym is Baatil which means a thing which has no reality. Thus we derive the word Deen ul-Haqq, which is the opposite of Baatil.

Deen ul-Haqq is going to remove from you anything that is corrupt. It wasn't sent except to be made apparent, to dominate, to be high, superior. This is the meaning of the Ayah that says 'Allah has sent His Messenger with the Religion of Truth'. He who sticks to the Deen ul-Haqq will be victorious, superior, dominant in worship, manners and behavior; calling to it, so that the ummah will be straight.

To be continued inshaAllah..............................

Was Salaam,

Jameelah Iman Muhammad bint Vasquez

USA-CT

Some notes taken from The Noble Qur'an, the book Sharh Al-Aqeedatil Wasitiyah, Tafseer of Surat al-Fatihah by Abu Rumaysah, and Sunan Abu Dawood Volume 3

March 20, 2011 at 5:20 PM Flag Quote & Reply

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Sharh Al-Aqeedatil Wasitiyah (footnote)

BISMILLAH -IR- RAHMAN -IR- RAHEEM

As Salaamu 'Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuh

As regards the Hadith that is mentioned concerning the word 'al-Hamdulillah', some say that this is a da'eef (weak) Hadith (Sunan Abu Dawud/ Book 36/ Chapter 1729/ Hadeeth 4822). So if we want to use another more authentic evidence to support this action that we should begin all matters with the praise of Allah, then we turn to the Qur'an where the Exalted says:

" 'IQaRA' BISMI RABBIKA-L-LADhI KhALAQa' "

'Read: In the Name of your Lord Who has created (all that exists)'.

Surat Al-'Alaq 96:1

This Ayah was the first (1st) Revelation that came from Allah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) to Prophet Muhammad (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam), which Jabreel (alayhis salaam) brought down to him when the Qur'an was revealed. Since this is an order directly from Allah (azza wa jall), there is no refuting here.

Jameelah Iman Muhammad bint Vasquez

March 20, 2011 at 5:21 PM Flag Quote & Reply

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BISMILLAH -IR- RAHMAN -IR- RAHEEM

May 18th, 2008

11:30 a.m.

Sunday

Topic: Sharh Al-Aqeedatil Wasitiyah

‘Fundamental Beliefs Of Islam & Rejection Of False Concepts’

Written By: Sheikh ul-Islam ibn Taimiyah

Explanation By: Imaam Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen

Translated By: Abu Uwais Abdallah Ahmed Ali

 

As Salaamu ‘Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuh

Because we are building our knowledge to make sure that what has preceded has been understood, Brother Abu Uwais (rahimahullah) opened with a review in the form of questions:

(1) What is the meaning of 'Bismillah'?

Answer: With the Name of Allah.

 

The baa is for seeking help and ism in the word is something which denotes a sense or a meaning. From the manners that Islaam has taught us is to begin all of our actions by mentioning the Name of Allah first. By doing this, we are performing Al-Isti’aanah (appealing for aid and assistance), which is to appeal for assistance, and the explanation is as follows:

1. Appealing for aid and assistance from Allah – this is an appeal for aid and assistance that comprises complete humility of the servant before his Lord, and to submit and entrust the affair to Him, and to be certain that He is fully sufficient for him. This is not to be except for Allah, the Most High, alone, and the evidence is the Saying of Allah, the Most High:

“[O Allah] You alone we worship, and to You alone we appeal for aid.” (al-Fatihah 1:5)

So directing this type (of worship/appeal) to other than Allah, the Most High, is shirk which takes a person out of Religion.

(2)What is the meaning of 'Allah'?

Answer: The Lord and the One Who is worshiped, the One deserving of being singled out for worship due to the Perfect Godly Attributes that He is described with. This is a name that is unique to Allah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala). No-one else has or can have this name.

And Ar-Rahman / ar-Raheem are two great names from among His Beautiful Names which are evident to His possessing Rahmah (mercy) as a characteristic and attribute in a manner which befits His Majesty.

(a) ar-Rahman: The possessor of mercy. The one full of mercy for all of the creation.

(b) ar-Raheem: The possessor of that mercy which is exclusively for the mumineen (true believers).

(3)What is the meaning of ‘al-Hamdulillah’?

Answer: Allah is to be praised for all things, but specifically on two things which are;

1.His Perfection

2.His Blessings and Bounties (which are innumerable)

(4)What is the meaning of ‘Rasool’?

Answer: One who has been sent with a message.

Allah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) is praised for His favors which cannot be counted. The greatest of His favors is that He sent His Messenger Muhammad (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam). All of the messengers came with guidance, but the seal of the Prophets, Muhammad (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam), was given the complete guidance and Religion of Truth. All messengers are prophets, but not all prophets are messengers. In the technical terms of the Shari'ah, Rasool is that free man to whom Allah's revelations come and he is commanded to convey them to others. If he is not commanded to convey them to others he is called a Nabi.

Guidance is beneficial knowledge and this is everything that the Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) came with of truthful information (of past and future events), commands, prohibitions and all laws and commands of Allah (azza wa jall).

Muhammad (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) came with the Religion of Truth, Islam, and it will be made victorious over all other religions because every other religion is Baatil (falsehood). How do we know that Muhammad (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) was sent by Allah (azza wa jall)? The saying “and sufficient is Allah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) as a witness”. This means that He, Allah (azza wa jall), is a witness that Muhammad is indeed His Messenger, that He is observing all his actions and that He is his helper against his enemies. This is conclusive proof of Muhammad’s Messengership and Prophethood because if he was a liar, Allah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) would not have supported him in his actions and would have hastened punishment for him as in the saying of the Exalted:

[And if he (Muhammad {sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam}) had forged a false saying concerning Us (Allah {subhaanahu wa ta ‘alaa}), We surely would have seized him by his right hand (or with power and might), and then We certainly would have cut off his life artery (aorta), and none of you could have withheld Us from (punishing) him. Surat 69. Al-Haqqah / Part 29 : 44-47]

Brother Abu Uwais (rahimahullah) went on to state that the Sheikh says: ‘Ash-shadu’ which means ‘I bear witness’, ‘I testify’ (admit it in my heart and express it on my tongue). This is the beginning of the Shahada. It is important to understand that this is first believed in the heart and then spoken. Why say ‘I bear witness’? Because this aspect is present and you can see it, as if you were looking at it with your very eyes. “La Illaha Il’l’llah” means there is no diety worthy of worship except Allah. “Wa ‘Dhahu” means emphasis........affirming the fact that Allah Alone should be worshiped. “La SharikAllah” means without any partners.

So who was Muhammad (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam)? He was Abul Qasim Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdullah Ibn Abdul Muttalib Ibn Hashim Ibn ‘Abd Manaf Ibn Qusayy Ibn Kilab Ibn Murrah Ibn Ka’b Ibn Lu’ayy Ibn Ghalib Ibn Fihr Ibn Malik Ibn An-Nadhr Ibn Kinanah Ibn Khuzaimah Ibn Mudrikah Ibn Ilyas Ibn Mudhar Ibn Nizar Ibn Ma’ad Ibn ‘Adnan. This much it is agreed is authentic. As for those who came before ‘Adnan, there is a difference of opinion regarding them. But there is no dispute regarding the fact that ‘Adnan was descended from Ishmael (alayhis salaam), the son of Abraham (Ibraheem alayhis salaam) – and it was Ishmael (alayhis salaam) who was to be sacrificed, according to the correct opinion, whereas the claim that it was Isaac (Ishaq alayhis salaam) is false.

Muhammad (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) was born in Makkah, in the Year of the Elephant, on Monday, when the eight (8) days of Rabee’ Al-Awwal had passed, on the tenth (10th) of that month and took place after twelve (12) days had passed. He also became a Prophet on a Monday, when a few days of Rabee’ had passed and he died on the eighth (8th) of Rabee’ Al-Awwal [taken from the book Biography of the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) by Shaikh Abdullah ibn Al-Shaikh Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahab vol. 1, p.12].

No one worshiped Allah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala) better than Muhammad (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam), and his worship was best because he wanted to reach the highest level and best way that one could reach in worship. He had the most extensive desire to have what Allah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala) had in bounties and blessings. He is a servant not to be worshiped, a messenger not to be rejected. He has no share in Lordship.

Why was he called a servant and preferred to be called this? He wanted to show that in no way was he to be singled out for worship because he owned nothing. If he knew the unseen, no harm would have reached him...and the saying of the Exalted;

 

[Say (O Muhammad {sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam}): “I don’t tell you that with me are the treasures of Allah, nor (that) I know the Unseen; nor I tell you that I am an angel. I but follow what is revealed to me.” Say: “Are the blind and the one who sees equal? Will you not then take thought?” Surat 6. Al-An'am / Part 7 : 50].

He is in a state of Al-ubudiyyah (servitude to Allah), being a true slave of Allah (azza wa jall). This description will not be given to anyone after Muhammad (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam). No man, not even angels, has reached this level of servitude. The greatest sign of Muhammad's (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) Prophethood is the Qur'an. No other prophet had revelation that equals the revelation that was given to Muhammad (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam), not even the splitting of the sea. He is the Messenger of Allah and the Seal of the Prophets which includes Messengership also. SallAllahu Alay means that Allah mentions him in front of the angels, as explained by Bukhari in his Saheeh. Wa Aalihi means those who follow him in his religion. Wa Sahabhi (Ashaab) is the plural of saahib (a companion). A companion is one who met the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam), believed in him, and died in that state. Was Salaam means that Salaam has the meaning of greeting, salutation and free from all defects and evil qualities. And the saying of the Exalted;

[ Allah sends His Salat (Graces, Honours, Blessings, Mercy) on the Prophet (Muhammad {sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam}), and also His angels (ask Allah to bless and forgive him). O you who believe! Send your Salat on (ask Allah to bless) him (Muhammad {sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam}), and (you should) greet (salute) him with the Islamic way of greeting (salutation, i.e. As-Salamu 'Alaikum. Surat 33. Al-Ahzab / Part 22 : 56).]

To be continued inshaAllah.........................

Was Salaam,

Jameelah Iman Muhammad bint Vasquez

USA-CT

March 20, 2011 at 5:22 PM Flag Quote & Reply

thmsadaqagroup
Administrator
Posts: 107

BISMILLAH -IR- RAHMAN -IR- RAHEEM

May 25th, 2008

Sunday

11:30 a.m.

Topic: Sharh Al-Aqeedatil Wasitiyah

'Fundamental Beliefs Of Islam & Rejection Of False Concepts'

 

Written By: Sheikh ul-Islam ibn Taimiyah

Explanation By: Imaam Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen

Translated By: Abu Uwais Abdallah Ahmed Ali

As Salaamu 'Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuh

Brother Abu Uwais began with sending peace and prayers upon Prophet Muhammad (sallAllahu alayhi wa salaam). The Sheikh didn't mention the followers after he mentioned Muhammad (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam), but he mentioned his family, then the followers (companions). What does this mean, to send peace and prayers upon the Prophet? SallAllahu Alay means that Allah mentions him in front of the angels, in the highest complimentary form, as explained by Bukhari in his Saheeh. Muhammad (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) was also a messenger. The meaning of messenger is he who has received revelation and ordered to propagate it, to spread it. Messengership came from Allah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) when Muhammad (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) was called 'The Racked Up One'. Narrated 'Aishah (radiAllahu anha), the Mother of the faithful believers:

The commencement of the (Divine) Revelation to Allah's Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) was in the form of good righteous (true) dreams which came true like bright daylight, and then the love of seclusion was bestowed upon him. He used to go in seclusion in the cave of Hira where he used to worship (Allah Alone) continuously for many nights before returning to (or his desire to see) his family. He used to take with him the journey food for the stay and then come back to (his wife) Khadijah to take his food likewise again till suddenly the Truth descended upon him while he was in the cave of Hira. The angel came to him and asked him to read. The Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) replied, “I do not know how to read.”

The Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) added, “Then the angel caught me (forcefully) and pressed me so hard that I could not bear it anymore. He then released me and again asked me to read and I replied, 'I do not know how to read.' Thereupon he caught me again and pressed me a second time till I could not bear it anymore. He then released me and again asked me to read but again I replied, 'I do not know how to read (or what shall I read?)'. Thereupon he caught me for the third time and pressed me, and then released me and said, 'Read in the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists). He has created man from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood). Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous.'” (V. 96:1-3) Then Allah's Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) returned with the Revelation and with his heart beating severely. Then he went to Khadijah bint Khuwailid (radiAllahu anha) and said, “Cover me! Cover me!” They covered him till his fear was over and after that he told Khadijah (radiAllahu anha) everything that had happened (and said), “I fear that something may happen to me.” Khadijah replied, “Never! By Allah, Allah will never disgrace you. You keep good relations with your kith and kin, help the poor and the destitute, serve your guests generously and assist the deserving calamity-afflicted ones.” (taken from Sahih al-Bukhari Book 1 Chapter 3 number 3)

 

Muhammad (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) was also a Nabi. A Nabi is he who has received information from the Heavens, but has not been ordered to convey it.

Prophet Muhammad (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) is the 'Seal of the Prophets' meaning that there will be none after him with respect to prophets and messengers.

Speaking concerning the Firqatun Najiyah Al-Mansoorah and Ahl us-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah, this is the Saved and Successful Sect to the Day of Judgement. The belief is this: To have faith in Allah, His angels, His Scriptures, His Messengers, the resurrection after death, and al-Qadr (good or bad destiny).

To proceed (amma ba'd): This is the creed (aqeedah) of the group that is saved [from the fire] and aided [by Allah] until the establishment of the Hour, the Ahl us-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah.

Amma Ba'd.... is used to indicate the beginning of the main theme, when moving from one discourse to another, or whatever comes after. The Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) would often use this in the beginning of his Khutbah and writings.

This....is indicating what the present text contains and it includes the matters of creed that require faith (having eeman in Allah).

Creed....is an Islamic religious belief, also a verbal noun taken from the verb i'taqada. A person has this when he has taken it as his aqeedah, and 'Aqeedah means accepting anything with the heart and conscience and obeying Allah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) in doing it.

Firqah....is used to denote a group of people. A small band is called taa'ifah and a collection is called jamaa'ah. Sheikh has qualified it with salvation and assistance owing it to the fact that one of the Hadeeth of the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) says:

“One group from my Ummah will always hold fast to truth and it will always have the assistance of Allah (azza wa jall). No one who dissociated from it will be able to do harm to it up to the Day of Judgement.” (Al-Bukhari)

In another Hadeeth, the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) says:

" . . . this Ummah will split into seventy-three sects: seventy-two will be in the Fire and one in Paradise and that is the Jamaa'ah." [Reported by Abu Daawood - Sahih]

"And this Ummah will divide into seventy-three sects all of which except one will go to Hell and they (i.e. the Saved Sect) are those who are upon what I and My Companions are upon (i.e. those who follow My Way and the Way of my Companions.)" [Reported by at-Tirmidhee – Hasan]

Saved....it is safe and secure from evils, destruction in this world and the Hereafter and which obtains happiness.

Aided....strengthened against those who oppose them.

Until the establishment of the Hour....the coming of the hour of death that will take the soul of every Believer. As for the Hour at which the end of the world will come, this will fall upon the wicked people due to what is reported in Sahih Muslim:

“The (last) Hour will not be established until 'Allah, Allah' is no longer uttered upon the earth.”

Ahl us-Sunnah....Ahl means a man's relatives and close ones or the inhabitants of a house. In the phrase of Ahl us-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah, Sunnah means the way and practice followed by the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) and the Sahaba. The heretical innovations and different creeds had not come into being till then.

Jamaa'ah....a group from amongst the people who have come together and united. In this sense it means the Sahaba and those after them who unanimously accepted the truth proved from the Qur'an and the Sunnah. They are the Companions and those who follow them in goodness, even if they are small and from the minority just as Ibn Masood (radiAllahu anhu) has said: “The Jamaa'ah is whatever agrees with the Truth, even if you are by yourself, then you would be the Jamaa'ah.”

If you say Ahl us-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah......how can you connect something to itself? Because they have been gathered together upon the Sunnah, upon the Truth, and was not divided amongst themselves. Some of the groups differ in 'Aqeedah, asking things such as 'Did Muhammad (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) see his Lord with his own eyes or not?'. They cannot be from Ahl us-Sunnah if they differ concerning the Deen in any way, especially concerning the Names and Qualities of Allah. There is nothing after the Truth except going astray, nothing except Baatil. You cannot gather between two opposites. Sheikh Uthaymeen said that it is not permissable to call anyone who is in opposition to the Sunnah by the name 'The Salaf of Ahl us-Sunnah'. Next class is the 'Asl of 'Aqeedah.

To be continued inshaAllah...............

Was Salaam

Jameelah Iman Muhammad

USA-CT

March 20, 2011 at 5:22 PM Flag Quote & Reply

thmsadaqagroup
Administrator
Posts: 107

BISMILLAH -IR- RAHMAN -IR- RAHEEM

June 1st, 2008

11:30 a.m.

Sunday

Topic: Sharh Al-Aqeedatil Wasitiyah

'Fundamental Beliefs Of Islam & Rejection Of False Concepts'

 

Written By: Sheikh ul-Islam ibn Taimiyah

Explanation By: Imaam Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen

Translated By: Abu Uwais Abdallah Ahmed Ali

As Salaamu 'Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuh

Brother Abu Uwais (rahimahullah) opened with a review from last week in the form of questions:

(1) What is the meaning of 'SallAllahu Alay'?

 

Answer: This means that Allah (azza wa jall) mentions Prophet Muhammad (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) with the highest compliment in front of the angels.

(2) What is the meaning of 'wa ala alihi'?

Answer: Alihi has two meanings depending on what it is coupled with and if it is alone or with something else. Here it is referring to the followers of the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) and his family.

(3) What is the meaning of 'wa sallama tasleeman mazeedan'?

Answer: And to increase the salaamah........to keep away the harm from him.

(4) What is a Rasool?

Answer: One who receives revelation and is ordered to tell it.

(5) What is a Prophet (nabi)?

Answer: One who receives revelation but is not ordered to tell it. He became a prophet according to Surah al-Alaq:1-5.

(6) What is the meaning of 'amma ba'd'?

Answer: Whatever I am going to say after this matter is this.......the Arabs use it to go from one transition in their speech to another.

(7) What is the meaning of fa'hatha (this), i'tiqaad (belief), al-Firqatah an-Najiyah?

Answer: 'This' has three explanations. The first being that the Sheikh meant that he had something in his mind that he was going to write (when he said 'fa'hatha'), that what I am about to present...fa'hatha i'tiqaad...this is the belief...of al-Firqatah an-Najiyah, or secondly, he meant after the book was infact written and 'this' meaning in that respect 'that which is right in front of you' and the last one would be that he wrote the book before he wrote the khutbah, which is also possible.

Then we took 'I'tiqaad'. What does i'itqaad mean? It comes from something ....'aqad....'aqadah....like you say the contract is 'aqad.... tied, to make a knot or tie something. This is i'tiqaad. It is called this because you tied your heart to it, and your heart cannot be pulled away from it, so it is something tied to your heart. 'Aqad, like a knot upon your heart, something that your heart is fastened to. So therefore this 'Aqeedah is like that. So as he says it is a ruling in your mind that you're sure of. You say, 'I believe this matter, I believe in it in my heart'. If it is in accordance with reality then it is correct, but if it is not in accordance with reality, then it is baatil, and false. Our belief, that Allah is the only one Who has the right to be worshiped, is sahih, correct. This is something in our hearts and minds that we understand, that Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala) is the only one Who has the right to be worshiped....and the belief of the Christians, that Allah is one in the trinity, is baatil, corrupt, because even though they are sure about it, it is not according to the reality. So we understand how it is connected in the language when we say 'the one who has this ruling or belief in his heart is like he tied it upon his heart to a degree where it never leaves it, is never separated from it...this is 'Aqeedah.

Al-Firqa....al-Firqatu....al-Firqatu here bi kasrah fa....the fa has a kasrah on it. This means a taa'ifa, which in Arabic is a number from 3-9, here it means a group who go out and learn the Deen of Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala) and come back to their people and warn them. This is an Ayah in Suratul Taubah:122. When you say al-Furqa, it means separation, separating, splitting. So make a distinction between al-Firqa and al-Furqa.

An-Najiyah.....saved. If he's safe from something . Sheikh ibn Uthaymeen (rahimahullah) made it very clear as to what he meant about what they're safe from. Al-Firqa an-Najiyah...what are they safe from? Safe from bid'ah fi dunya and punishment from the hellfire in the Hereafter. Protected from the innovation in this world and the fire in the Hereafter. May Allah make all of us from the Firqatun Najiyah.

This is to be understood in what aspect? That the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “This ummah will split into 73 groups or sects, all of them in the hellfire except one.” Who are they O Messenger of Allah? He said “ The one who is upon what I and my companions are upon”. Very important point. This is an authentic Hadith brought by Tirmidhi........

This Hadith explains an-Najiyah...saved...what it means. Whoever is upon what the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) was upon and his companions is successful, is saved from innovation. This is a prerequisite, a condition. How can you be najiyah, and you're not najiyah from bid'ah? Najiyah in itself means that you are saved from bid'ah. All the other groups have went astray because of bid'ah, innovation, and things of that nature. So we have to be safe from it if we are going to be that one who is upon that which is sound and correct.

Another name that they have is al-Mansoorah. This is ibn Taimiyah bringing his intro...'amma ba'd (to proceed)...fahatha i'tiqaad (this is the belief)...al-Firqa of al-Firqatun Najiyah...al-Mansoorah....he puts the name there like that ...al-Mansoorah. What does it mean? It means victorious. Where did he get it from? The Hadith. He used the term 'Mansoorah' because of the Hadith of the Prophet which says 'There will always be a taa'ifah from my ummah upon the truth... apparent, dominant, and victorious'. He explains this to mean that even though sometimes they may not be physically dominant in every place and time for they may be in one place and not in another, this taa'ifah, that they will always be victorious with their hujjah, with their evidence, with what they have of revelation from the Kitab and Sunnah. They will always be victorious with that, no-one able to withstand them with that, they will always be able to subdue anyone with that, because they are always victorious with that, and sometimes they are victorious with the Salaat and the Salaams, with the hujjah and bayaan and the Salah, with the evidence and also physically dominant. Being apparent, dominant, and victorious based upon the statement of Allah, “And We supported those who believed upon their enemies, so they became 'dhahileen'”. They became victorious.

The one who supports this Deen is Allah, and the Mal'aikah and the Mu'minoon.

(8) What is the meaning of 'until the establishment of the Hour'?

Answer: If you say the fact that the hour will not be established except upon the worst creatures, then this cannot mean that the taa'ifah mansoorah will be there. One of the meanings is that whoever dies and his kiyam has started...any amongst us... and we all must die...any amongst us who dies qahtiqahma kiyamtuhu...to the closeness of the hour, and the narration that he doesn't bring here but that others bring is that the taa'ifah of the mansoorah when it comes close to the hour, is Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala) will send a wind which they will feel the coolness of it under their armpits and it will cause their souls to leave their bodies, causing their death...and the Hour will not be established except upon the worst of the creatures, unless and until there is no-one on earth to say 'Allah, Allah'. So until the order of Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala) comes. Either their death or near to the time of the Hour. And this is a form of going to another meaning but it is ok to do that when you have evidence. No problem, you have to have evidence for it.

(9) What is the meaning of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa'ah? Who are Ahlus Sunnah and who are the Jamaa'ah and why are they called these names?

Answer: Ahlus Sunnah are those who stick to the Sunnah. How can you be called Ahlus Sunnah if you don't stick to the Sunnah? How can you be called Ahlus Sunnah if you don't believe like Ahlus Sunnah? You're not believing what the Sunnah says, you're not practicing the Sunnah, you're not emulating the Sunnah. The other factor which should be clear is al-Jamaa'ah...they gather upon this, they have unity upon this, they have no splitting upon this. They gather upon the Haqq, they don't have disunity. He said the Sunnah is coupled with unity, just like bid'ah is coupled with separation and splitting. The Sunnah brings one together... and they gather upon this matter. Then he went into another issue... that because they stick to the Sunnah, because they are gathered upon it, they have not innovated like the other groups have innovated, and therefore they have not split like the other groups have split......Jahmiyyah split, the Murtazilah split, the Ar-Rawafid split , all of them split.....then he went to the point of people trying to say that Ahlus Sunnah are of three types...As-Salafiyoon, Al-Ashariah, and Al-Matorridiyah. What was his response to that? He clearly said that this is a mistake. Why is it a mistake? How can three people be upon the Sunnah and be one in the Sunnah and be differing among one another, refuting one another and believing different things? There's nothing after truth except going astray. So you cannot be Ahlus Sunnah if you're not sticking to the belief of Ahlus Sunnah. How can you be Sahib Ahlus Sunnah if you're not sticking to the Sunnah? That doesn't even make any sense. So the Sheikh said and he said very clearly for those who doubt ibn Uthaymeen and doubt his support of the Dawatus Salafiyyah, this Dawah Mubaraakah, he said very simply, “We say, As-Salaf...who are the Salaf? The Salaf are the companions of the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam), then those who follow them, their students, and their students, and so forth and so on. They are the people of the Sunnah and those who gather upon it and this discription is not for anyone other than them, ever.” This is ibn Uthaymeen talking...... the words must be taken in accordance with their meanings...look at it...how can we say that someone who opposes the Sunnah is Ahlus Sunnah? Does that even make sense? How can we say that someone who opposes the Sunnah is a person of the Sunnah? He says it is not possible! How can we say about three groups that differ that they have gathered and have unity upon it because it is supposed to be one Jamaa'ah? How are they gathered if they differ? Where is the gathering? The people of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa'ah are the ones who believe what the Salaf believe until the Day of Judgement if they are on the path of the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) and his companions...... and listen to him..... fa 'innahu Salafi! These are Sheikh Uthaymeens words...that he is therefore a Salafi.....someone making in'tisaad(?)....it's not tazkiyah, someone says 'well bring the Ayat', don't purify yourself... it's not tazkiyah....it's in'tisaad, it's ascription.....you're ascribing yourself to a way, to a method, to a belief...and there is nothing wrong with that.

What is Aqeedah?

Now he starts....it is to believe in Allah. You're not going to find difference amongst those upon the way of the Salaf. Every book that you look at is going to have the same thing. You will find the Hadith of Jabril, belief in Allah, belief in the Angels, belief in the Last Day...like this. You're gonna find the same thing. This will show that they have gathered upon the Haqq, they are the people of Haqq, Ahlus Sunnah, Ahlul Hadith, or by whatever name you call them that ascribes them to the Sunnah, connects them to the Sunnah, from every place and every time they have always been upon the same belief. Every book that you pick up by them is the same, it contains the same belief. This belief, the Sheikh says, because now ibn Taimiyah is getting into the belief ...he said 'this' is the 'belief of the saved group, the victorious group to the Day of Judgement, Ahlus Sunnah, the people of Sunnah, wal Jamaa'ah. Those who stick to the Sunnah and are gathered upon it and it is, this belief, he starts...first of all....belief in Allah. Sheikh Uthaymeen (rahimahullah) says, the one who put this down, laid this down, this principle, was Prophet Muhammad (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam). This wasn't started by some individual, some guy who wanted to form something. This was the Messenger of Allah who laid this down, laid this 'Aqeedah down brick by brick, laid this belief that we have to have down when he responded to Aangel Jabril when Jabril asked the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam), “What is Islam?” Then he said, “What is Eemaan?” Then, “What is Ihsan?” Then, “When is the Hour?” The Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) answered....and everyone should know this Hadith...it is Hadith Jabril and it is well known. Everyone knows this Hadith, learns this Hadith, teaches this Hadith to their children and their wives. When he was asked about Eemaan, he stated 'that you believe in Allah, and His Angels, and His Books, and His Messengers, and the Last Day, and the Decree..the good and the evil thereof. Muslim brought it in his book of Eemaan....chapter 'Explanation of the Pillars of Eemaan and Islam'. To believe in Allah in a language as affirmation...you have believed this thing to be truthful and have affirmed... in the language this is one meaning. The Sheikh takes the viewpoint that this is not the most authentic way of saying it even though you find some amongst the Salaf do it. He was saying that it is better to say, 'It is affirmation of something after you believe the truthfulness of that thing', because by the evidence that you may say 'I believe in this, and I affirm this, and I believe the truthfulness of this' but you don't say 'I believe in such and such person'. This is from the standpoint of language and ibn Uthaymeen, if nothing else, as you have learned, he is a luguwiy(?), and he's gonna give emphasis to nahwa(?), and to surdf(?), and to (?), and to these things. Appreciate it...those who can...and those who cannot can appreciate it later bi'ithnillahi ta'aala.

Eemaan has increased meaning other than just affirmation, and it is a recognition that makes it obligatory upon the heart to accept the information and to submit to the legislation. You see, its one thing to say 'I believe in something, and another thing that has that belief transferred in that you accept every information that is connected to it and at the same time you submit to every legislation. How many people say 'well I believe in the truthfulness of this or that or the other' and make no move whatsoever? We've given the example a thousand times...if someone runs in here right now and says the building is on fire, those of us who get up believe it, those who sit here don't...(I understand what you're saying man, yeah the buildings on fire...keep on talking)...you see the difference? So he's saying that this matter of Eemaan has something connected to it which is an acceptance of the akbar of the information that you're getting. Whatever Allah (tabaraakta 'aala) says you believe it in your heart . Whatever the Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) says you believe it deeply in your heart and then theres submission to legislation, there's a carrying out of what you have been ordered, there's a staying away from what you have been forbidden. That is Eemaan. So we got affirmation, and recognition, that makes it a must that you accept all information and that you submit to the legislation. All information from Kitab and from Sunnah you accept, and you submit to the legislation.

Not just for you to believe that Allah exists...that is not eemaan, thats not faith in Islam. The truth is that eemaan makes you accept all information that Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala) has sent down and that you submit to the legislation. If not, it is not eemaan. Eemaan includes four matters. Eemaan in Allah means that you believe in four matters. Ibn Uthaymeen does this in mostly all of his books when he talks about belief in Allah, it is the explanation of the pillars of eemaan and he will explain it like this...he wants you to understand that the four matters you have to believe in connected to Allah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala). Take them, memorize them, because we will ask about them inshaAllah.

(a) Eemaan that Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala) exists. Eemaan (to believe) that Allah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) exists.

(b) The fact that Allah (tabaraakta wa ta'aala) is the Only Lord, One and Alone, singled out for Lordship. There's no other Lord besides Him.

(c)That He Alone has the right to be worshiped. That he must be singled out alone and no one else can be worshiped besides Him (subhaanahu wa ta'aala).

(d) the belief in the Names of Allah, the Beautiful Names of Allah and His Highest Qualities.

It is not possible that one can actualize and really have eemaan except with these four matters. These four pivitol matters will be discussed in detail. InshaAllah ta'aala the Sheikh is going to give us different evidences of this issue. He's going to give evidences from Qur'an and Sunnah, from intellect, and from the senses.

To be continued inshaAllah.............

Was Salaam,

Jameelah Iman Muhammad bint Vasquez

USA-CT

March 20, 2011 at 5:23 PM Flag Quote & Reply

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