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Forum Home > Al-Baiqooniyyah > Class 1

thmsadaqagroup
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Posts: 107

Assalaamu Alaikum

 

If you missed class 1 you can view it here inshaAllah

 

http://www.wiziq.com/online-class/456141-science-of-hadeeth-from-the-book-al-baiqooniyyah

 

Barakallahu Feekum

February 1, 2011 at 3:00 PM Flag Quote & Reply

Shamael002
Member
Posts: 3

salaamu alaikum here are my partical notes to class 1 i do intend to have full notes but at thhis moment my hands are tied so please if anyone can add to it please share , my notes will be in the next post

*Admin Post for Student

Al-Baiqooniyyah class 1 notes

Today's class pertains to:The Feild of Hadeeth

specifically talk about:"Mus'stella'hul Hadeeth" or what can be translated as (or)also know as:"The Science of Hadeeth".

Mus'stella'hul Hadeeth, it is studied so we can understand the intent/the meaning of the scholors of hadeeth when they say something.

Such As: What is the meaning behind that saying?

Why do they say that this hadeeth is Saheeh (Autenthic)

Why do they say that this hadeeth is Mut'tar'rib & what does that mean

This is the reason why we study this science , so when you study a science like this which is considered an "fundemetial science", your going to get into alot of aruguementation about definations of the meaning of words.

The majority of the "Fundementaial Sciennces" are like this,meaning is the study of definations of words b/c this is what the scholars use, and when they use these words they have an meaning behind it.

The book that were goingto be studying pertaining to this science is going to be a poem called:" Al-Mon'thumah'tul Baiqooniyah" which can be translated as:" The Poetry of AL-Baiqooni"

Al-Baiqooni (the author) whose name is not really known, some say his name is:Umar and others say his name is:Taw'ha .So alot is not known about the author of this poem and this is not entirty strange, being that some scholars out of fear, and this is an explanation brought to some of the scholars,(Why is it that some of the scholars, some of the authors are not known). It could be out of fear that their intention might be misinterpretate,or it might change, they began to write something and they wonder do i do this for Allahs sake or not, so some of them dont even put their names on some of the work that they produce.

It's their students or another scholar who is able to verify and say:" yes this book was written by shk al-alaammah" so and so".

Ok so that pretty much sums up the biograhphy of : Al-Baiqooni so now we'll get to the poem its self

Now Lets get into the poem,

Sometimes with the lines of poetry you just have to understand the intintive meaning behind that which was written. And trying to do it word for word you wont get that same meaning.

Line 1:

أَبْـدَأُ بِالْحَمْـدِ مُصَلِّـياً عَلَى مُحَمَّـدٍ خَـيرِ نَبِـيٍّ أُرْسِلا

أَبْـدَأُ is the first word in the poem and comes from the root word: Ba'da'a and the word Ba'da'a: means to start.

For Example: “Ba'da'a Muhammad'dun al-kitaba”(Muhammad started to write), this is in the past tense(Ba'da'a). In the poem the word is used in the present tense( Ab'da'u).Present Tense: meaning the action is taking place as the person is speaking.

أَبْـدَأُ بِالْحَمْـدِ (Ab'da'u bil-humd)

بِالْحَمْـدِ (bil-humd) is known which means praise, so al-baiqooni is saying “ I'm beginning this poem by giving praise to Allah(swt).

مُصَلِّـياً عَلَى (Mu'sal'lee'yan A'la)

is an adjective, مُصَلِّـياً is an adjective from the word: Sa'lah and Sa'lah means: to pray.(which is one of the meanings that most of us know) For Example: “Sa'lah Muhammad'dun al-fajr”(Muhammad prayed Fajr).

Another meaning for the word Sa'lah is : To make Du'aa/Supplication and this is the actully “Lingustic Meaning” of the word Sa'lah.But later on the word was used to talk about the Prayer that the muslims do, which is Salaat. And Salaat comes from this word.

So, Al-Baiqooni says: مُصَلِّـياً عَلَى مُحَمَّـدٍ (Mu'sal'lee'yan A'la Muhammad'den) after giving praise to Allah(swt) he says the Salaat upon the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم .

مُصَلِّـياً عَلَى (Mu'sal'lee'yan A'la) Giving praise of making du'aa/supplication, sending his blessings upon or supplicating to Allah to send his blessing upon the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم .

مُصَلِّـياً عَلَى مُحَمَّـدٍ خَـيرِ نَبِـيٍّ أُرْسِلا

(Mu'sal'lee'yan A'la Muhammad'den Khair'ren Na'be'yeen Or'see'la)

خَـيرِ(Khair) is an adjective,which means good and the opposite of the word is: (Sha'rr)which means bad. So the word خَـيرِ(Khair) is being used to describe the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم

خَـيرِ نَبِـيٍّ(Khair'ren Na'be'yeen) or Na'be. Na'be is the word that means prophet, s/o who has imformation, s/o who has news. So here خَـيرِ نَبِـيٍّ(Khair'ren Na'be'yeen) means the best of the prophets or the best prophet.

أُرْسِلاَ (Or'see'la) is from the verb: Ar'sa'la which means to send

For Example: “ Ar'sa'la Muhammad'dun al-kitab”(Muhammad sent the book).

Here (in the poem) it is used in the 3rd form which means (was sent)

So,

أَبْـدَأُ بِالْحَمْـدِ مُصَلِّـياً عَلَى مُحَمَّـدٍ خَـيرِ نَبِـيٍّ أُرْسِلا

(Ab'da'u bil-humd Mu'sal'lee'yan A'la Muhammad'den Khair'ren Na'be'yeen Or'see'la)

is that he's giving his blessing or making supplicati.on, that Allah(swt) bestows his blessings upon the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم the best prophet ever sent .

Line 2

وَذِي مِنْ أَقْـسَامِ الْحَدِيثِ عِدَّه وَكُـلُّ وَاحِدٍ أَتَـى وَحَـدَّه

(Wa'Dhee min Aq'sa'men Hadeethee Ee'Daa' wa Kullu wa'he'dan A'ta wa'ha'daa)

وَذِي (Wa'Dhee)

Dhee( ذِي) here means the same as (Ha'tha'hee)هذه and (Ha'tha'hee)هذه is the feminie form of هذا (Ha'tha) which means this.

For Example: “Ha'tha Kita'bun” This is a book. (هذا كتاب)

The word هذا (Ha'tha) is used with ki'tab(كتاب) b/c ki'tab is an mascline noun that we use هذا (Ha'tha) to describe/indicate the book.

The word (Ha'tha'hee)هذه is used with words that are feminie.

For Example: “Ha'tha'hee Say'yar'rah'tun” This is a car. (هذه سيارة). Because the word for car is Fem we have to use the word (Ha'tha'hee)هذه and not the word هذا (Ha'tha)

Now here Al-Baiqooni says:”وَذِي مِنْ أَقْـسَامِ (Wa'Dhee min Aq'sa'men)

And this/these are the (Aq'sam/اقسام), Aq'sam is the plurual of the word(Kis'mun/قسم) which means section or catorgory

وَذِي مِنْ أَقْـسَامِ الْحَدِيثِ

(Wa'Dhee min Aq'sa'men Hadeethee) meaning here that: These are the sections of Hadeeth.

عِدَّه(Ee'daa) means like; a portion or that which can be counted.

Right here the عِدَّه(Ee'daa) is talking about the (Aq'sam/اقسام), what the shk is trying to say is that. These sections of hadeeth are countable (are few) that hes included in this book, because the topics in this book are not a lot compared to that which is available in this science.

Al-Baiqooni only covered 32 issues from the science of hadeeth. So in 34 (baits/lines) he covered 32 issues. And some say that the issues pertaining to this science are around 80 and this is why this book has been for the beginners. A lot of ppl have complained how difficult it is to study (Mus'stella'hul Hadeeth/The Science of Hadeeth) and its confusing.

Al-Baiqooni only presents us with 32 topics that were going to talk about. Which should make it easier to understand, to graspe the diffent issues that are going to be discussed.

وَذِي مِنْ أَقْـسَامِ الْحَدِيثِ عِدَّه وَكُـلُّ وَاحِدٍ أَتَـى وَحَـدَّه

(Wa'Dhee min Aq'sa'men Hadeethee Ee'Daa' wa Kullu wa'he'den A'ta wa'ha'daa)

Here he is saying that,and these few catorogies or issues pertaining to the field of hadeeth, he has defined them or splitted there defintions. The word ( حَـدَّه/Had'd) is what (Split) means.

(Had'da'da Shay or Yu'hid'da'hu means:to define its boundries or to make a defination of something. When you make a defination of something you are definding its boundries .

Line 3

أَوَّلُهَا الصَّحِيحُ وَهْوَ مَا اتَّـصَلْ إِسْـنَادُهُ وَلَمْ يَشُـذَّ أَوْ يُعَلّ

(A'wal'luha As-saheehu Wah'wa maI'tas'so ,Is'naa'dahu wa Lam Ya'shud'da awl Yu'a'la)

(A'wal'luha/أَوَّلُهَا ) is two words put together, it is a noun and a pronoun. The pronoun is: (Haa) which means:(It) and the noun is (A'wal) which means:(First) which is also an adjective.

So the 1st of it,meaning: The 1st of these catogories that he is going to be talking about. So the word (it/Haa) is talking about/referring to: the (Aq'sam/اقسام).

أَوَّلُهَا الصَّحِيحُ/(A'wal'luha As-saheehu). So the 1st thing that he is going to talk about is the Saheeh. As-Saheeh is an hadeeth that is (well) authentic .The word Saheeh has a lot of meanings in the arabic language, from some of those meanings is: To mean something is healthy

For Example: Ha'tha Ra'jaloon Saheeh/هذا رجل صحيح”The man is healthy( is in good health)” It also means:”Correct/To be correct .

For Example: Ha'tha Al-Jawab Saheeh/هذا الجواب صحيح" This answer is correct”

SideNote: The brother (Haneef) says in two of his examples“That man is healthy/ هذا رجل صحيح and That answer is correct/هذا الجواب صحيح” when describing the word Ha'tha/هذا in the sentences, but the word Ha'tha/هذا means:(This). So this is why in my notes I did not write the word”that” from the audio recording. I used the word”this”

When we speak about a hadeeth that is Saheeh,this has a meaning to the scholors of hadeeth,they understand each other when they use this term “Saheeh”, it has a meaning to them.And that Is what the shaihk is going to be talking about.

أَوَّلُهَا الصَّحِيحُ وَهْوَ

(A'wal'luha As-saheehu Wah'wa)

Now he is going into giving the definition ( Wah'wa/ And it is) of what the word As-Saheeh means to the scholars of hadeeth.

وَهْوَ مَا اتَّـصَلْ إِسْـنَادُهُ

(Wah'wa maI'tas'so Is'naa'dahu)

And it is ( maI'tas'so Is'naa'dahu) and the word ما here means like:(that which or that).

اتَّـصَلْ إِسْـنَادُهُ

(It'tas'sil Is'nad'da'hu)

اتَّـصَلْ/It'tas'silaa comes from the root word(وصل/Wa'Sah'laa) which means to arrive some place.اتَّـصَلْ/It'tas'silaa means to connect

إِسْـنَادُهُ

(Is'nad'da'hu/Is'nad'd) means: the chain or its chain. The (hu-هُ) at the end of Is'nad'd is a pronoun meaning: It=(hu-هُ). And “it” here the(hu-هُ) is going back to the word As-Saheeh

وَهْوَ مَا اتَّـصَلْ إِسْـنَادُهُ

(Wah'wa maI'tas'so Is'naa'dahu) so descrbing what a saheeh hadeeth is to the scholoars of hadeeth,Al-Baiqooni says” And it is what or it is that which its chain is connected. And when we talk about chain here we are talking about the chain of narrators.

March 20, 2011 at 1:50 PM Flag Quote & Reply

thmsadaqagroup
Administrator
Posts: 107

Wa`alaykumus Salaam Ukhti Shamael,

To make this easier for everyone we ask that you please post your notes (copy and paste them) instead of posting links for the notes inshaAllah. This helps to avoid unneccesary problems (viruses etc...) and for those who do not want to download content on to their personal computers as well. Thank you for your sabr and understanding.

BarakAllahu Feekum

I am & and I hope that all the students look forward to reading your notes, and taking a benefit from them as well. May Allah increase your reward of good, aameen

--

 

March 20, 2011 at 4:31 PM Flag Quote & Reply

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